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Improved planning can optimize solutions to produce clean fuels

02.01.2001  |  Avidan, A. A.,  Bechtel Global Corp., Houston, TexasKlein, B.,  Bechtel, Corp., Petroleum and Chemicals Global Business Unit, Houston, TexasRagsdale, R.,  Bechtel, Corp., Petroleum and Chemicals Global Business Unit, Houston, Texas

Refiners may consider using alliances with contractors to shorten design and construction time for environmentally driven projects


Due to worldwide environmental mandates, refiners will be considering how to cost-effectively reconfigure their operations and process "cleaner fuels." The primary focus of these new regulations is the reduction of sulfur in gasoline and diesel. Other rules mandate reduced levels of aromatics, especially benzene, olefins and oxygenates. These changes will be phased in. With some exceptions, clean-fuels projects will be implemented only to meet impending government regulations. Yet, refiners must strive to increase profitability and achieve acceptable rates of return on capital for these investments.

"Green fuel" projects. The main drivers for refiners who need to implement clean fuels projects are:

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