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South America

09.01.2011  |  Meche, Helen,  Hydrocarbon Processing Staff, Houston, TX

Keywords: [construction] [ethanol] [petrochemicals] [naphtha] [engineering] [delayed coker] [compressors] [refining] [EPC]

As of 2013, Braskem will reportedly have yet another alternative feedstock source. In addition to sugarcane ethanol, which is used to make green plastic, the company will begin using naphtha made from post-consumption recycled plastic. The product will be supplied by Nova-energia, a company from the Wastech Group located in Bahia state specializing in waste treatment, which will build its first advanced recycling plant along the Cia Aeroporto highway in Salvador, Bahia.

Braskem is expected to acquire initially 1.4 million liters/yr of naphtha made from plastic waste, which will be processed at its basic petrochemicals unit in the Camaçari complex.

The plant will process 450 tpd of waste and will transform plastic waste into synthetic oil. Every 36 tons of this waste will yield 30,000 liters/day of light oil that will be used by Braskem to make naphtha, as well as fuel oil and diesel oil with low-sulfur content (S < 10 ppm). The installation of Novaenergia’s recycling unit in Bahia will require investment of some R$25 million, with startup expected by the end of 2012.

A subsidiary of Foster Wheeler AG’s Global Engineering and Construction Group has been awarded a contract by YPF S.A. for the delayed coker heater for the new delayed coking unit at YPF’s Complejo Industrial La Plata in Argentina. Foster Wheeler’s scope of work includes engineering, equipment supply and supervision to construction and startup.

The fired heater, an integral part of the new coker, uses Foster Wheeler’s leading Selective Yield Delayed Coking (SYDEC) technology. Foster Wheeler is providing the detailed engineering, procurement services and assistance with construction and plant startup for the new coker. The delayed coker heater for the new delayed coking unit is expected to be completed by June 2012.

Over the past several months, Elliott Group has won contracts from Petroleo Brasileiro S.A. (Petrobras) to supply compressors for expansion projects at the company’s REGAP and REMAN refineries, as well as the new northeast refinery, RNEST. The projects will aid the company’s efforts to increase domestic production of high-quality diesel fuel.

Elliott equipment for the projects includes a high-pressure hydrogen recycle compressor driven by a steam turbine for the REGAP refinery expansion, a motor-driven wet gas compressor for the REMAN expansion and duplicate coker strings for the RNEST delayed coking unit. Elliott will also provide auxiliary systems for the compressor packages, including lubrication, buffer and control systems. The equipment will be manufactured at the company’s Jeannette and Belle Vernon, Pennsylvania, facilities, with staggered shipments beginning in January 2012.

Saipem has been awarded new engineering and construction onshore contracts in South America and West Africa worth approximately $800 million. In Suriname, the national oil company Staatsolie awarded Saipem the contract for the expansion of the Tout Lui Faut refinery, which is located 20 km south of the capital, Paramaribo. Saipem has already carried out 10 months of engineering activities based on a reimbursable agreement. The agreement has now been converted into a full engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contract, encompassing engineering, procurement and fabrication, and construction activities.

The project is aimed at achieving a two-fold increase in the Suriname refinery’s capacity to 15,000 bpd. The fabrication of the plant’s preassembled portion will be carried out at the Saipem Arbatax fabrication yard in Italy. The project will be completed in 43 months.

In Nigeria, Saipem has been awarded the contract for the Otumara-Saghara-Escravos gas pipeline by Shell Petroleum Development, as part of Shell’s program to reduce gas flaring in the country.

The project will be completed in 18 months and will be fully executed in Nigeria, including project management and procurement activities. Furthermore, Saipem has agreed to increases in the scope of its work on existing onshore contracts in Nigeria.  HP

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