By KONSTANTIN ROZHNOV
BARCELONA -- Eni
SpA, Italy's biggest energy company by market value, said
Tuesday that a refining boom in the Middle East is
putting pressure on European refiners because the Middle
East producers, who have lower costs, are now entering the
market in Europe - especially the
"Italy was a hub for Middle Eastern crude, but not anymore
as Middle East [oil companies] are now vertically integrated,"
Domenico Elefante, Eni's executive vice president for
refining, told Dow Jones Newswires
on the sidelines of the Global Refining Summit in Barcelona.
Elefante also said it isn't a problem for Eni to replace
Iranian barrels which are subject to western sanctions, as the
import volumes have been low.
He didn't provide further details on the volumes.
Eni is mainly sourcing oil from West Africa, the Middle
East, Russia and Venezuela, he said.
Meanwhile, the strength in the price of Russia's Urals crude
has made it a less viable grade for refiners to use than when
it traded at a wide discount to physical benchmark Brent,
Elefante said output at Eni's Sicilian refinery of Gela had already fallen
sharply amid a one-year partial shutdown announced last
Refinery runs at Gala will fall by
more than 60% by the middle of June to about 30,000 bpd
compared with levels seen before the partial shutdown, he
Dow Jones Newswires