US-based LanzaTech has partnered with the Centre for
Advanced Bio-Energy, a joint venture between
state-controlled Indian Oil and the India government's
Department for Biotechnology (DBT), to create a novel process
for the direct production of low-carbon fuels from industrial
carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions.
This unique application of LanzaTech's gas fermentation technology will enable a new supply
of biofuels, according to the company, creating economic
growth and reducing CO2 emissions across India.
Project officials say they plan to
leverage each other's expertise to create a new process for the
direct conversion of waste CO2 into "drop-in" fuels through an
To that end, LanzaTech has developed gas fermentation technology that can directly convert
waste CO2 gases into acetates. Meanwhile, the Centre for
Advanced Bio-Energy is working to increase the production yield
of lipids (oils) by "feeding" acetates to microalgae. The
resulting oils can then be refined into fuels using a range of
existing processing technologies.
"India has made it a national
priority to balance its meteoric economic growth with
environmental and social sustainability," said Jennifer
Holmgren, CEO of LanzaTech.
"By converting India's industrial waste CO2 emissions into low
carbon fuels and chemicals, LanzaTech and the Centre can reduce
overall emissions while creating a sustainable, domestic supply
of transportation fuels. We look forward to extending our
technology platform and our existing partnerships in India as
we work with the team at the Centre on this initiative."
LanzaTech has already been working with Indian Oil to develop a
domestic ethanol supply chain by leveraging LanzaTech's technology with a range of
carbon-containing waste streams widely available in India,
including industrial carbon monoxide (CO) emissions from steel
"Any developments leading to useful conversion of carbon
dioxide are most desirable," said Dr. R K Malhotra, director of
R&D at Indian Oil and head of the DBT-IOC
India is projected to become the world's
second largest steel producer by 2015, providing a significant
opportunity to produce biofuels. LanzaTech said it estimates
that hundreds of millions of gallons of ethanol could be
produced annually by utilizing waste CO2 from steel mills.