CARACAS -- A 2012 explosion that killed 42 people at an oil
refinery in Venezuela was "sabotage," President Nicolas Maduro
said, accusing opponents of being responsible.
Maduro cited an international investigation as finding that
the incident was the product of "sabotage by desperate actors
who believed that a refinery fire would help them win
the elections against late president Hugo Chavez."
Venezuela is South America's biggest oil producer and
firefighters struggled for days to put out the blaze triggered
on August 25, 2012 at the Amuay refinery, which produces 645,000 bpd
at normal capacity. Dozens were also injured in the blast.
The incident was initially blamed on a gas leak said to have
caused the fire and explosion of nine fuel tanks. The blast
tore through homes, businesses and part of the refinery.
Maduro claims the opposition used the incident to try to chip
away at Chavez's popularity. But the late president won the
October 2012 elections before dying of cancer on March 5.
In June, Maduro had accused the opposition of being behind
the blast on the basis of the attorney general's probe, but
this was the first time he cited an international
investigation. The president did not indicate who conducted the
There have been similar incidents at refineries in oil rich
Venezuela in recent months, some of which have also been blamed
Venezuela has the largest oil reserves in the world, with
the government estimating that at 297.57 Bbbl its reserves
surpass those of Saudi Arabia, which has the world's biggest refining capacity.
Venezuela is also the fifth largest exporter of oil.
Dow Jones Newswires