By ERIC YEP
Asia-Pacific is expected to turn into a gasoline importer by
2018, driven mainly by shortages in Indonesia that will
influence global gasoline prices and draw imports from as far
as the Atlantic basin, Wood Mackenzie said in a
Indonesia is currently one of the largest gasoline importers
in Asia-Pacific, but globally the US remains the largest market
and imports the vehicle fuel from refineries across Europe and
This is set to change as Indonesia's gasoline deficit and
imports will exceed the US and Mexico, reversing trade flows
and replacing the US as the main driver of global gasoline
trade and prices, Wood Mackenzie said.
It said Indonesia's gasoline deficit is expected to grow
from 340,000 bpd to around 420,000 bpd from 2012 to 2018, while
the US and Mexico will see their combined deficit fall from
560,000 bpd to about 60,000 bpd.
"The competition between US and Europe to supply East of
Suez markets will act to influence pricing, and we expect
Singapore's gasoline prices to strengthen relative to both the
US Gulf Coast and Northwest Europe gasoline prices in the long
term, to support the arbitrage opportunities from US and Europe
to Asia Pacific," Sushant Gupta, head of downstream research
for the Asia-Pacific region, said.
Indonesia's gasoline demand up to 2025 is driven by income
growth, increased car ownership and government subsidies, but
supply is restricted as new oil refineries are unlikely to be
constructed before 2018, resulting in shortages.
Dow Jones Newswires