Case history: Characterization of shale oils and heat exchanger performance
LTOs are paraffinic, low in asphaltenes but high in filterable solids. Understanding the impact of these mechanisms can shed light on preheat exchanger performance and the prediction of fouling rates.
In North America, light tight oil (LTO), also known as shale
oil, has provided a huge supply of light sweet crudes for US
and Canadian refiners. Likewise, these crudes are located in
other regions. LTOs present different processing problems. One
area of high interest is heat-exchanger fouling due to
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