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Sinopec embraces China’s private capital reform

03.24.2014  | 

“In 2014, the company expects to make significant advances in its development by fully embracing reform, leading to corporate transformation, organizational vigor and stronger corporate values,” the chairman said.



Sinopec, Asia’s biggest refiner, said it will push ahead this year with a government-driven agenda to open up state-controlled industries, as China’s energy companies search for private capital.

The company and domestic peer PetroChina are seeking private investors for some units. Sinopec, officially known as China Petroleum & Chemical Corp., will sell as much as 30% of its oil retail business, in a sale Barclays estimates could raise more than $20 billion. PetroChina and its parent China National Petroleum Corp., are considering opening up areas including pipelines, oil and gas exploration and refining to private capital.

“In 2014, the company expects to make significant advances in its development by fully embracing reform, leading to corporate transformation, organizational vigor and stronger corporate values,” said Sinopec chairman Fu Chengyu said.

The Beijing-based company reported 2013 net income rose 3.4% to 66.1 billion yuan ($10.6 billion), missing the 67.8 billion yuan mean of 12 analyst estimates compiled by Bloomberg.

“Sinopec is the most tied to the Chinese economy of the major oil companies and the economy might be grinding a bit slower this year,” said Simon Powell, head of oil and gas research as CLSA. “All the talk of reform is great, restructuring the marketing business is great, but the bottom line is ultimately driven by the domestic economy.”

Reform Push

The refiner said oil and natural gas production rose 3.5% to 442.8 million bbl of oil equivalent last year. Gas output increased 10% on 2012 levels. Sinopec forecast production of 363.8 million bbl of crude oil in 2014 and 706.2 billion cubic feet of natural gas.

China is pushing the most aggressive reforms in more than a decade as President Xi Jinping works to increase market forces in the economy. The nation set a 7.5% target for growth in 2014, matching last year’s goal, Premier Li Keqiang told the annual legislature meeting in Beijing this month. China’s economy actually grew 7.7% in 2013.

Sinopec approved last month the plan to seek private investors for its oil retail unit, which operates the nation’s largest network of more than 30,000 fuel stations.

“We will continue to promote transformation and upgrades with a focus on improving development quality and efficiency,” Fu said.

Capex Targets

The company set a capital expenditure target of 161.6 billion yuan for this year, 4.2% lower than a year ago. Sinopec will focus spending mainly on exploration and production, Fu said.

“We will strengthen our exploration effort in shale gas resources in Fuling to achieve significant development of China’s shale gas industry,” he said.

China Petrochemical Corp., the state-owned parent of Sinopec, has said it will build shale gas capacity at its Fuling site to 5 billion cubic meters/year by 2015, suggesting a national target of 6.5 billion cubic meters will be met or surpassed.

PetroChina, the country’s largest oil producer, is also cutting expenditure. It said last week its spending target for 2014 was 7.1% lower than the previous year. The company reported net income rose 12% to 129.6 billion yuan last year, beating the 125.7 billion yuan mean of 13 analyst estimates compiled by Bloomberg.

Price Target

Rising refining costs, weaker income from oil and gas production and still lofty capital spending may lower Sinopec’s return ratio, while raising its net debt level this year, Hong Kong-based Barclays’s analysts including Somshankar Sinha and Ying Lou said. Barclays cut Sinopec’s target price by 3% to HK$6.80.

“With proven reserve cover in China now below nine years and the company committed to its coal-to-chemical joint ventures and still raising refining capacity, Sinopec may have limited flexibility on spends unlike PetroChina,” the analysts said.

“We continue to prefer PetroChina, which has higher earnings growth, a stronger balance sheet and cheaper valuations,” according to the note.

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