The Piacenza LNG fuelling station is the first in a series that
intends to open over the next four years along major Italian
roads. It is part of the companys commitment to promoting
the use of environmentally friendly fuels
through innovative, high-tech solutions.
LNG has interesting characteristics for use in the heavy-duty
vehicle market. It takes up about 1/600th of the volume of
natural gas in its gaseous state, making it more economical to
transport while increasing the autonomy of the vehicle using
it. A number of Iveco engine units (mono-fuel natural gas
vehicles) are already designed to run on LNG to transport goods
over long distances.
LNG is obtained by cooling gaseous natural gas to the point of
condensation, which corresponds to about -161 °C. It is
then transported across the sea in liquid form by LNG carriers,
which supply storage depots along the coast. Cryogenic tankers
are then used to deliver the LNG to fuelling stations. There
are a number of onshore terminals in use throughout Europe to fuel cryogenic tankers,
notably in Belgium and in Spain. Spain is the regions
largest LNG exporter.
One of the advantages of using LNG is that it is cost
effective. Since it can be stored, LNG fuelling stations can be
built in locations without access to a natural gas pipelines or
where the connection pressure of available pipelines is too low
(lower than 2 bar).
is an active participant of the European "LNG Blue Corridors" project, which is focused on the construction of environmentally friendly fuelling
stations along four major European trade routes, which cross
the continent from north to south. The Piacenza facility
represents the high standard Eni
intends to meet in fulfilling its commitment to promoting