Europe is trying to balance consumer and producer interests a month after Volkswagen caused a political uproar by admitting to having fitted diesel engines with software to cheat US checks.
Environmental regulations can add to the cost of doing business in the petrochemical industry, so making compliance more efficient and less expensive is a bottom-line priority.
China's energy demand, particularly for petroleum and other liquids, is rapidly increasing as its industrial and transportation infrastructures expand.
It is important that efficient and reliable tools for acquiring emissions data are available. Environmental constraints not only can affect production, but failure to provide emissions values for extended periods may lead to an authority-imposed plant shutdown.
With these accidents, has refining internationally fallen sub-standard in terms of safety? Such a question is likely best addressed by examining the existing HPI standard.
Especially when handling hydrogen, reciprocating compressors must provide ruggedness, operating flexibility and energy efficiency at pressures up to 3,000 psi (200 bar).
China and India are growing increasingly energy-hungry as their populations and transport infrastructures expand. At the same time, the two countries are seeking to reduce air pollution levels. In response, China and India are eyeing greater LNG imports and deeper emissions cuts.
Generating N2 on-demand is a sustainable and energy-efficient approach.
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Engineers and designers are highly skilled individuals. Forcing them to enter design changes using tables, forms and spreadsheets is unproductive and uneconomical, and it increases the likelihood of human error—this is the way that most instrumentation software systems currently work. For too long, software vendors have denied engineers and designers the simple practicality of a graphical visual engineering interface with “drag and drop” capability and inbuilt intelligence, ensuring changes are automatically replicated into all the associated data and databases.
D. GIBSON, AVEVA
As low oil prices make naphtha cracking margins in Europe and Asia more competitive, are investments in new, ethane-based petrochemicals capacity in the US and Middle East becoming less attractive?
Yes, ethane cracking is less economical
No, ethane cracking is still the future
Too early to tell