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06.01.2011  |  Meche, Helen,  Hydrocarbon Processing Staff, Houston, TX

Keywords: [construction] [polypropylene] [substitute natural gas] [LNG] [ethanol] [FCC] [hydrogen] [EPC] [polyethylene]

Lummus Technology, a CB&I company, has a contract from Kazakhstan Petrochemical Industries Inc. LLP (KPI) for the license and basic engineering of a propane dehydrogenation unit and a polypropylene plant. The two units, each with a design capacity of 500,000 metric tpy, are planned as part of KPI’s gas-processing complex to be built in the western Atyrau region, Kazakhstan.

The propane dehydrogenation unit will make use of the CATOFIN technology for converting propane to propylene. The polypropylene plant will use the Novolen advanced gas-phase polypropylene technology. This will enable KPI to produce a broad range of polypropylene products to meet the needs of both local and export markets. Both technologies provide high reliability and easy operability.

Haldor Topsøe has been awarded the contract for the second out of four substitute natural gas (SNG) projects approved by China’s National Development and Reform Commission. The plant will be commissioned by the Hui Neng Group, a major coal mining company in the Inner Mongolia region. The plant will produce SNG based on syngas from coal gasification, and, onsite the SNG will be converted into liquefied natural gas (LNG). Topsøe will be the licensor for the methanation section and will supply license, engineering design, catalyst and service.

The Hui Neng SNG plant has a total planned capacity of 1.6 billion Nm3 per year of SNG production to LNG, and the first execution phase is 400 million Nm3 SNG per year. The plant will be operational by the end of 2013.

Reliance Industries Ltd. (RIL) has begun implementing its planned world-scale projects in India across the polyester chain. This is said to be RIL’s largest capacity expansion in the sector and is aimed at consolidating its position as the world’s largest integrated polyester producer. These investments in new polyester capacity will also strengthen India’s position as a global manufacturing hub for textiles and fiber.

RIL has planned its capacity expansion in phases over the next few years. This includes a planned capacity of 2.30 million tons of purified terephthalic acid (PTA) at Dahej, with the ability to increase it by another 1.15 million tons of PTA at a later stage. These plants will be integrated with the paraxylene plants at Jamnagar for raw material and will, in turn, cater to the new polyester plants being constructed simultaneously—395,000 tons of polyester texturized yarn (PTY) and 140,000 tons of PTY at Silvassa.

Air Products has signed an agreement with JGC Corp. to supply its proprietary propane pre-cooled mixed-refrigerant process and MCR main heat exchanger for a two-million-tpy LNG project in Luwuk, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. The Donggi-Senoro LNG project, a joint venture between Indonesia’s state-owned oil and gas company, Pertamina, along with Mitsubishi Corp., Korea Gas Corp. and PT Medco Energi Internasional, is targeted for a 2014 startup.

Supporting China’s efforts to increase the use of biogas for renewable energy production and in motor vehicles, GE is supplying its ecomagination-approved Jenbacher biogas engine technology to power China’s largest ethanol production plant under construction in the city of NanYang, Henan Province. Owned by Henan Tianguan Group, China, the new ethanol production plant will produce 500,000 m3/d of biogas, based on organic material from cassava plants.

A 36-MW onsite power plant, featuring GE’s Jenbacher engines, is being built in multiple phases to support the ethanol plant’s operations. Both new facilities are being built adjacent to the company’s existing ethanol production facility, which uses a biomass digester system to convert cassava—instead of grain—into ethanol in China.

GE’s Jenbacher engines and associated equipment were scheduled to be delivered to the project site starting in April 2011. After completion of engine installation and commissioning, the biogas power plant is scheduled to begin operating in July 2011.

Axens and the Shaw Group Inc. have been selected to license a next-generation catalytic cracking technology that will reportedly help refiners maximize propylene production and other high-value refinery products. The advanced technology, High Severity Fluidized Catalytic Cracking (HS-FCC), will reportedly produce higher yields of propylene and other light valuable products than conventional FCC units. The technology developers selected Shaw and Axens to promote and license the technology worldwide.

The HS-FCC technology has evolved during a 15-year development effort that combines the innovation of five separate entities. During Phase 1, Japan’s JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corp. (JX) and Saudi Arabia’s King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM) formed a research venture. JX, which leads the technology developers, provided technical research and KFUPM provided the location for initial laboratory testing facilities.

During Phase 2, Saudi Aramco joined JX and KFUPM to continue developing the technology. The expanded team designed, built and operated a 30-bpd demonstration unit at Saudi Aramco’s Ras Tanura refinery. JX has embarked on the third phase of development including scaling-up of a demonstration unit to a 3,000-bpd pre-commercial demonstration unit that is being built at JX’s refinery in Mizushima, Japan. Shaw and Axens provided engineering services for the unit, which is expected to be operational in 2011.

The Linde Group will build and operate a large hydrogen and synthesis gas plant in the Chongqing Chemical Park in Western China in a joint enterprise with Chongqing Chemical & Pharmaceutical Holding Co. (CCPHC). The project has a total investment value of around €200 million. Linde holds 60% of the shares in the joint enterprise with CCPHC.

In future, the new onsite plant will provide the production facilities of BASF and CCPHC based in Chongqing with carbon monoxide, hydrogen and synthesis gas. The new plant, which will be supplied by Linde’s Engineering Division, is expected to come onstream in the third quarter of 2014.

Caloric has been awarded a new contract for the supply of a hydrogen system with a capacity of 600 Nm3/h based on a natural gas steam-reforming process. The specific challenge in this project was the fluctuation demand of hydrogen due to the downstream processes that the H2 is used for. Caloric’s innovative and fuel-efficient plant-control system, in combination with a high-pressure storage system, was chosen by the customer to cover their requirements of maximum plant flexibility.

The plant will generate high-grade hydrogen of min. 99,998 vol.% with impurity levels of CO less than 1 ppm. The plant can be operated automatically and incrementally between 15% and 100% of nameplate capacity. The plant will be fully pre-assembled at Caloric’s fabrication facility, tested and shipped in January 2012. Supervision of plant commissioning and startup will be provided by Caloric.

Samsung Engineering was awarded a high-density polyethylene plant contract for $229 million from ONGC Petro Additions Ltd., a subsidiary of India’s national oil company Oil & Natural Gas Corp., Ltd. The plant will be built in the special economic zone of Dahej, located in the state of Gujarat, India, and is set to produce 340,000 tpy of high-density polyethylene. Samsung Engineering will handle the engineering, procurement, construction and commissioning on a lump-sum turnkey basis, with the completion date set for August 2013. HP

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