Alternative transport fuels: An Indian perspective
Many factors influence the possibility of new fuels replacing gasoline and diesel
Rising crude oil prices are
hindering the economic expansion for many nations. Elevated
energy prices are one of the main drivers for high inflation in
developing nations such as India. No single alternative
transport fuel can replace gasoline and diesel usage in the
Indian economy. A basket of alternative fuels are needed to
meet the ever increasing demand for transportation fuels. This
article discusses the experimental studies conducted to
evaluate alternative transport fuelsmethanol, ethanol, biobutanol, methyl esters
and ethyl esters from non-edible oil seeds, like jatropha
carcus and karanja, along with gaseous fuels (compressed
natural gas and liquefied petroleum gas). This study also
reviewed futuristic fuels such as dimethyl ether (DME),
syngasFischer-Tropsch (FT) dieselgreen diesel and
hydrogen. Results showed that alternative fuels may have a
great potential in reducing vehicular emissions along with lowering
dependence on crude oil imports for India.
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