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Alternative transport fuels: An Indian perspective

09.01.2011  |  Jain, A.,  Department of Chemical Engineering, Univeristy of Roorkee, Roorkee, IndiaSingal, S. K.,  Indian Institute of Petroleum, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Dehradun, IndiaKamei, W.,  Indian Institute of Petroleum, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Dehradun, IndiaGarg, M. O.,  Indian Institute of Petroleum, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Dehradun, India

Many factors influence the possibility of new fuels replacing gasoline and diesel

Keywords: [biofuels] [diesel] [alternative fuel] [CNG] [hydrogen] [LPG] [fuel synthetic fuel] [Fischer Tropsch]

Rising crude oil prices are hindering the economic expansion for many nations. Elevated energy prices are one of the main drivers for high inflation in developing nations such as India. No single alternative transport fuel can replace gasoline and diesel usage in the Indian economy. A basket of alternative fuels are needed to meet the ever increasing demand for transportation fuels. This article discusses the experimental studies conducted to evaluate alternative transport fuels—methanol, ethanol, biobutanol, methyl esters and ethyl esters from non-edible oil seeds, like jatropha carcus and karanja, along with gaseous fuels (compressed natural gas and liquefied petroleum gas). This study also reviewed futuristic fuels such as dimethyl ether (DME), syngas—Fischer-Tropsch (FT) diesel—green diesel and hydrogen. Results showed that alternative fuels may have a great potential in reducing vehicular emissions along with lowering dependence on crude oil imports for India.

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