Acid Gases©2015 Hydrocarbon Processing60Acid GasesBolivia expands petrochemical capability with Bulo Bulo ammonia complexThe Bulo Bulo ammonia-urea facility will be Bolivia‚Äôs first petrochemical venture. This new facility is expected to produce sufficient urea/ammonia supplies for domestic demand and will provide surplus product for export., 01 Apr 2015 00:00:00 GMTExtend heat exchanger lifecycle with hyper-duplex stainless steelIntensifying performance demands in refineries, coupled with the ongoing decline in crude oil quality, require a new and improved duplex SS grade to withstand increasingly tough operating conditions. This need has led to the development of hyper-duplex stainless steels., 01 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMTHow caustic stress leads to failures of incinerator caustic spray nozzlesFrequent failures of the waste spray nozzles in incinerators result in accelerated degradation of the refractory lining, requiring unscheduled shutdowns for repairs. A study was carried out to identify the factors that contributed to the nozzle failure and to prevent the reoccurrence of similar failures in the future., 01 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMTHP Innovations, 01 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT