Hydrocarbon Processing Amine strength in gas treatment Tail gas treating units (TGTUs) are designed to remove the last vestiges of unconverted hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in the tail gas coming from a sulfur recovery unit (SRU) after the gas has been processed to convert as much H2S as possible to elemental sulfur. Belgium tightens fuel export specifications The Belgian government plans to publish a royal decree that tightens the minimum specifications of motor fuel exports quality. Why poultry fat is emerging as a solution for the renewable energy industry’s increasing need for diverse biofuel feedstocks Throughout the past decade, biofuels production has significantly increased. Some of the largest growth in the sector has been with fuels that rely on lipids, such as vegetable oils and animal fats, as feedstock. This includes biodiesel, renewable diesel and sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). Tackle operational challenges with FCC coprocessing applications Refiners are actively developing new solutions to decarbonize their finished products—such as transportation fuels or commodity chemicals—as part of the energy transition. As a result, refiners are now exploring the co-feeding of alternative feedstocks, including renewable and recyclable crude oils, as a means of lowering the carbon footprint of their products. Improving the sustainability of steam production Steam distribution systems are a vital part of process manufacturing because steam is a versatile means of delivering carefully controlled heat energy, usually via a heat exchanger. Shipping major and GCMD to pilot FAME-VLSFO marine biofuel bunker fuel in Singapore a Japanese shipping major and the Singapore-based Global Centre for Maritime Decarbonization will launch a six-month project for trialing marine biofuel for bunkering, consisting of 24% fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) and very-low-sulfur fuel oil (VLSFO) onboard a short-sea vehicle carrier that will call at multiple ports. Merichem Technologies enhances sulfur treatment capabilities with acquisition of Chemical Products Industries Merichem Technologies, a portfolio company of Black Bay Energy Capital, has closed its acquisition of Chemical Products Industries (CPI), a provider of novel chemistries for sulfur removal and industrial cleaning applications. Optimize process performance and reduce emissions by using process analyzers Whether a refinery process involves the creation of fuels from crude oil or the production of biogas, process analysis can help to address the many challenges involved in operations. Innovative approach to accelerating the startup of a gasoline block and associated units at Saudi Aramco’s Jazan refinery complex This article elaborates on the startup of a refinery’s heavy naphtha reforming unit with an alternative approach to the initial unit design, including an evaluation of several startup techniques to ensure the adequacy and practicality of the selected option. How to gain an advantage from the propylene production gap—Part 2 This work will detail the available processing routes capable of maximizing propylene yield in refineries, allowing refiners to gain advantage from the propylene market.