Kister, H.

Fluor, Aliso Viejo, California

Henry Kister is a Senior Fellow and Director of Fractionation Technology for Fluor Corp. He has more than 35 yr of experience in design, troubleshooting, revamping, field consulting, and the control and startup of fractionation processes and equipment. He is the author of three books, along with the distillation equipment chapter in Perry’s Chemical Engineers’ Handbook (8th and 9th editions), the distillation chapter in the Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, and more than 120 articles. Mr. Kister has taught the IChemE-sponsored “Practical Distillation Technology” course over 530 times in 26 countries. He is a Fellow of both IChemE and AIChE, and is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering. For more than 25 yr, he has also served on Fractionation Research Inc.’s (FRI’s) Technical Advisory and Design Practices committees. Mr. Kister earned his BE and ME degrees from the University of New South Wales in Australia.

Good distributor design for high-velocity feed debottlenecks a crude preflash tower

Blum, B., Bazan Group; Kister, H., Fluor; Tsang, R., Koch-Glitsch

Bazan Group’s crude unit No. 3—not designed by any of the authors’ companies—was bottlenecked by the preflash tower.

Stable thermosiphon reboiler operation: With or without a valve in the inlet piping?

A reboiler provides the necessary heat duty for the separation in a distillation tower.

Combine temperature surveys, field tests and gamma scans for effective troubleshooting

Duarte Pinto, R., Perez, M., PDVSA El Palito Refinery; Kister, H., Fluor

Each method offers pros and cons; yet combined, these techniques form a powerful tool to diagnose operational problems in fractionators

Troubleshoot chimney trays effectively

Kister, H., Fluor; Blum, B., Rosenzweig, T., Oil Refineries Ltd.

Misapplication of chimney trays can hinder tower operations; six examples detail how to diagnose and debottleneck such trays