Baldwin, R. M.

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado

Robert M. Baldwin is a Principal Scientist in the National Bioenergy Center at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in Golden, Colorado. He has worked at NREL since 2008. Prior to joining NREL, he spent 30 years as a faculty member at the Colorado School of Mines, including 10 years as head of the chemical engineering department. Dr. Baldwin holds BS and MS degrees in chemical engineering from Iowa State University and a PhD in chemical engineering from the Colorado School of Mines.

Commercialization of pyrolysis oil in existing refineries—Part 2

Arbogast, S., Bellman, D., Paynter, D., Wykowski, J., AOTA Energy Consultants LLC; Baldwin, R. M., National Renewable Energy Laboratory

In Part 1 of this article, economic incentives were estimated for relaxing the requirement that biocrude entering the refinery infrastructure be oxygen (O2)-free. It was concluded that an accurate estimate of these incentives is not possible without a significant amount of additional data. Part 2 examines key issues that must be addressed and the associated data needed for this constraint to be relaxed.