April 1999

Special Report: Gas Processing Developments

Developments in natural gas liquefaction

New technologies and design methods will play a large role in the design and construction of LNG projects

Finn, A. J., Johnson, G. L., Costain Oil, Gas & Process Ltd.; Tomlinson, H. L., Syntroleum Corp.

Some key ongoing developments can reduce the cost of liquefied natural gas (LNG) projects. Offshore liquefaction will enable cost-effective use of remote fields, and economical mid-sized single machine LNG trains could improve project viability onshore. Improved design methods – the increased use of exergy analysis in conceptual design, modular engineering where appropriate and computing techniques such as dynamic simulation – can be used along with appropriate design margins and engineering standards to reduce capital costs. Uncertainty over the viability of large base-load LNG projects has created interest in economical LNG production in mid-sized plants. Optimizing thes

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