December 1999

Special Report: Plant Utilities

Consider using hydrogen plants to cogenerate power needs

Many forces are reshaping the worldwide hydrogen market; refiners have several options to receive steam and electrical power from a hydrogen plant

Baade, W. F., Gagliardi, C., Terrible, J., Shahani, G., Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.; Bredehoft, R., Ralston, M., Technip USA

The worldwide market for hydrogen and carbon monoxide (HyCO) in the refining and petrochemical/ chemical industry has been particularly vibrant in the 1990s. In the refining sector, more stringent environmental regulations – governing emissions of NOx and SOx in Europe and the U.S. and heavy sour crude development in Venezuela and Canada – are driving hydrogen demand. In the petrochemical/ chemical sector, continued economic development has been the primary impetus for hydrogen, carbon monoxide and synthesis gas. At the same time, the electrical power industry is being deregulated and economic issues are becoming increasingly important in the generation sector. Furthermore, outsour

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