January 1999

Project Management

Use inherently safer design

Effective methods can minimize or prevent HPI plant accidents

Lakhapate, P. J., Chemtex Engineering of India Ltd

Due to increasing awareness, hazards arising from man-made activities are highly objectionable. Inherently safer design is very much applicable to the chemical process industry. This article is restricted to chemical process industries. A design is said to be inherently safer if it takes care of all the possibilities that are likely to occur in order to have minimum possible loss/ damage. Ultimately, the objective is to attain a no loss or zero damage situation, even under abnormal conditions. There is always a possibility of human error, either due to ignorance or carelessness. If there is an error or failure for any reason, there is a possibility of accident. This acciden

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