December 2000


Hydrogen—what are the costs?

HPI operating facilities have many choices on how to meet their rising demand for H2; here are several options

Hydrogen is a commonly found element. For many petrochemical/chemical products, it is consumed as a process reactant or fuel. Currently, the global annual hydrogen demand is approximately 50 million tons (550 billion Nm3). Bulk petrochemicals-ammonia and methanol-and processing/refining of gasoline consume nearly two thirds of the annual hydrogen demand. These facilities typically have hydrogen requirements up to 250,000 Nm3/h. The remaining hydrogen demand is directed to many different process industries including: fats and oils processing, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, metallurgy, semiconductor production and aerospace industries. Growing demand. The hydrocarbon processi

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