April 2002

Trends and Resources

HP Impact: Clean fuels: estimated $7 billion in U.S. refinery capital spending

In 1999, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released the Tier II sulfur mandates, as part of the Clean Fuels Program. These required lowering the sulfur concentration in gasolin..

Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

In 1999, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released the Tier II sulfur mandates, as part of the Clean Fuels Program. These required lowering the sulfur concentration in gasoline to 30 ppm by 2006. In addition to the mandate, the EPA followed up by proposing the lowering of sulfur content in on-the-road diesel fuel to 15 ppm, commonly known as ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD) in the 2006-2008 timeframe. The only state not affected by the gasoline and diesel fuel program is California. California began implementing a low 30-ppm program back in 1996. The state is now implementing the CARB III program that will redu

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