February 2002

Special Report: Clean Fuels

Reliability design concepts for the future clean fuels era

The effects of storage capacity and interaction losses must be considered simultaneously with unit size

Nelson, D. K., Conoco Inc.; Vesier, C., RonaMax LLC

Reliability should be designed into every facility. Of course, this is equivalent to saying a parachute should be included in every jump from a plane. After all, who intentionally damages project economics by designing in unreliability? Despite this, many final designs have missed opportunities to substantially improve project economics through applying reliability design principles. While reliability is always an important component in good process design, it is even more important for projects implemented to comply with the Clean Air Act, EPA Tier 2 regulations. These projects will be implemented in the heart of a refinery where incremental unreliability will have the potent

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