July 2002

Special Report: Plant Utilities

Improve plant water treatment

Preparing water for plant applications is a fine science that involves many complex steps

Choi, D. W., Consulting Engineer

Plant operations consider water treatment systems as the weakest link or an "orphan" processing unit operation. Hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI) facilities do not sell treated water; however, they are immensely large consumers, especially with regards to cooling water services. Poor quality cooling water can foul and corrode heat exchangers, thus limiting process operations and potentially causing unscheduled shutdowns. The following guidelines explain the major processing steps used to treat water for plant purposes including ultra-pure water for boiler applications. What are the major water treatment systems?

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