August 2003

Archive

Special Report: Fluid Flow and Rotating Equipment

Hazardous situations created by improper piping analyses
Peng, L. C., Peng Engineering

Some computer programs do not handle hot condition calculations correctly

Modern online monitoring systems for piston compressors
Koers, C., PROGNOST Systems GmbH; Stachel, K., Hoerbiger Compression Technology

Combining control and data collection improves performance and reduces costs

Consider diaphragm pumps for high environmental demands
Keller, R., LEWA Herbert Ott GmbH+Co.

Other benefits include lower maintenance costs and higher efficiency

Realistically assess reciprocating compressor foundation and mounting system loads
Pantermuehl, P. J., Smalley, A. J., Southwest Research Institute

Common assumptions about frame flexibility can result in miscalculating forces

Implement a steam turbogenerator fault detection and diagnosis system
Bracamonte, J., de Morillo, N., Universidad del Zulia L.U.Z., School of Electrical Engineering,; Marcano, M., Tarantino, R., PDVSA C.R.P.

Identify and correct faults before they cause catastrophic failures

Engineering Case Histories

Case 16: A piping failure due to water hammer
Sofronas, A., Consulting Engineer

System upsets can develop high piping loads

Plant Safety/Standards

Safety and environmental management compliance
Sawyer, M., Apex Safety Consultants

A brief review of common certification programs that can enhance performance

Understand basic engineering codes
Cooper, H., John Zink Co. LLC

Here’s an overview of the nature, use and limitations of US industrial standards

Columns

HP Reliability: Auditing vertical pump mechanical reliability
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Vertical pumps are important for major process plants. Available in numerous configurations, they excel in such areas as ease of multistaging, virtually unlimited installation depth bel..

HPIn Europe: Refiners aim to meet fuel specifications
Pitt, R., European Refining & Marketing

Earlier this year, the new fuel specifications to come into effect Jan. 1, 2005, became law in Europe. When they were initially proposed, the immediate reaction had been one of horror a..

HP Water Management: Understanding the utility side of reboilers
Huchler, L. A., MarTech Systems, Inc.

Reboilers use steam to provide heat transfer in a variety of distillation, purification and separation processes in refinery units such as gas plants, alkylation, sulfur recovery, aroma..

HP Integration Strategies: Real-time performance management unlocks hidden value in assets
Fiske, T., ARC Advisory Group

One of manufacturers' most critical challenges lies in efficiently deploying assets and resources so that plants can promptly respond to planned and unplanned events. Agility and flexib..

HP Innovations

Additives cut NOx emissions Engelhard Corp. has introduced new technologies that aid in meeting environmental requirements for FCC operations. CLEANOx and OxyClean are compliance additi..

HPInformer
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Technology facility opens The Fieldbus Foundation opened its fieldbus technology facility established in cooperation with Waseda University in Kitakyushu, Fukuoka, Japan. The new demons..

New Developments

Improve process operations Applied Manufacturing Technologies is a technology independent company providing a full range of services from expert consulting to turnkey project services. The c..

HP Construction: North America
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Chicago Bridge & Iron Co. N.V. (CB&I) has a lump-sum turnkey contract for a liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminal expansion project near Savannah, Georgia. CB&I will perform the engineer..

HP Construction: Europe
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

BASF started its newly modernized center for pressure sensitive adhesives at its site in Ludwigshafen, Germany. The center houses two pilot plants: a new coating plant for aqueous press..

HP Construction: Middle East
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

ABB has completed Qatar Petroleum's (QP's) NGL 3 plant commissioning and upgrade with its industrial IT technology. The entire design, engineering and software development were carried ..

HP Construction: South America
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Flowserve's Mendoza, Argentina, pump operation is supplying eight high-pressure pump packages for Peru's Camisea project. These pumps will transport condensates 575 km from the Camisea ..

HP Construction: Asia-Pacific
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

BSF, a consortium of Bechtel Petroleum & Chemical, Sinopec Engineering Inc. (SEI), and Foster Wheeler Energy Ltd. have a project management contract with CNOOC and Shell Petrochemicals ..

Free Literature

Turnaround planning and management InterPlan Systems' abridged versions of the manuals bundled with the ATC Professional Shutdown/Turnaround Management System are based on over 25 years..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

  Data exchange still a struggle C..

HP Impact: Protect processing catalysts from feedstock contaminants
Isch, M., RPA Process Technoogies

Effective feedstock filtration can extend service life for catalytic systems and optimize reactor performance

HP Impact: Energy growth trends assessed in data from super-major
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

World consumption of primary energy increased by 2.6% in 2002, well ahead of the 10-yr growth trend of 1.4%/yr. So says the new BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2003 (www.bp.com). ..

HP Impact: Refiners: Manage key functions for success, urges study
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Downstream companies are struggling to achieve real shareholder value. A new report from IBM Consulting emphasizes that the only way companies can succeed is by revisiting their strateg..

HP Impact: Polyolefins exports for China forecast to double by 2010
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Expect a major increase in polyolefin exports to China, over 10 million tons (MMton) by decade's end, says a new study by Nexant ChemSystems and Sinodata Consulting. Total polyolefins d..

HP Impact: Global oil execs divided over likelihood of US energy policy
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Differing expectations were reported by energy executives about a comprehensive US domestic energy policy being enacted. According to the results of a survey by accounting and tax firm ..

HP Impact: NOx control market down, but still strong
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Record purchases for gas turbines and coal-fired plants in the US resulted in world sales of selective catalytic reduction (SCR) systems of over $4 billion in 2002. This year, sales wil..

HP Impact: Emerging advanced vehicle technologies
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Sulfur-free gasoline and diesel fuels (10 mg/kg maximum sulfur content), must be available on "an appropriate balanced geographic basis"' from 2005, according to the final EU Directive...

Misc

Biodiesel – a fungible and eco-friendly fuel
Romanow, Stephany, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Nothing worthwhile is ever cheap, easy or quick. Attitudes toward energy reserves are changing. New technologies have identified more crude oil and natural gas reserves. Evolving innova..