June 2003

Archive

Special Report: Process/Plant Optimization

Consider physical solvents to treat natural gas

New solvent systems cost-effectively remove high-CO 2 concentrations from natural gas to meet pipeline specs

Visualize facility storage tank capacity
Qin, Z., Chongqing Logistic Engineering University

Maximize your ability to safely store products

Consider a utility-savvy refinery to reduce capital investment
Ogawa, A., JGC Corp.; Tashiro, N., Insight Engineers, Inc.

New refining concept encapsulates future capacity expansion for developing markets with least cost

Successful multivariable control without plant tests
Conroy, R. J., Enterprise Products Co.; Mathur, U., Techwrite Associates

First-principles dynamic simulation models can be used instead

Optimize sour water treatment
Armstrong, T., John M. Campbell & Co.

This checklist details several common problems associated with sour-water strippers and the workarounds to correct them

Crude oil blend scheduling optimization: an application with multimillion dollar benefits – Part 1
Kelly, J. D., Mann, J. L., Honeywell Process Solutions

The ability to schedule the crude oil blendshop more effectively provides substantial downstream benefits

Engineering Case Histories

Case 15: The thermally bowed shaft
Sofronas, A., Consulting Engineer

Just a slight rub can self-generate more heat

Project Management

Improve your database for cost estimation
Gulvadi, G. D., Tecnimont ICB Pvt Ltd.

Here’s a systematic approach for storing and retrieving valuable information that may be fragmented between various departments

Rotating Equipment/Reliability

A quick guide to compressor suction knockout drum sizing
Yu, F., Jacobs Engineering

Mist eliminator and gravity settling methods are reviewed

Columns

HP Control: Include control loops in asset management
Kane, L., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The industry's renewed focus on frontline measurements for improving asset management (AM) and extending condition-based monitoring (CBM) to more process equipment is certainly good new..

HP Reliability: Attend user symposia for continuous improvement
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

For well over 30 years, Texas A&M University's Turbomachinery Symposium has guided the most profitable user companies toward achieving equipment reliability optimization. Similarly, Tex..

HP Integration Strategies: Wi-Fi is getting ready for work
Forbes, H., ARC Advisory Group

Information technologies have percolated from the enterprise domain into process control and automation since the 1980s. Soon Wi-Fi wireless local area networks (WLAN) will become widel..

HPIn Europe: IT makes further headway into the refinery
Pitt, R., European Refining & Marketing

Although much of the publicity in the past couple of years has been on how the downstream industry around the world has been reacting to the latest fuel specifications, behind the scene..

HP Innovations: HPInnovations

New catalyst boosts gasoline yields Engelhard Corp. has released a new proprietary catalyst technology named Flex-Tec. It is estimated to significantly improve gasoline yield from heavy resids. Flex-T..

HPInformer
Romanow, Stephany, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Australian energy businesses sold Aquila, Inc., Kansas City, Missouri, is selling its Australian interests for approximately $589 million which - after fees, expenses and taxes - is projected to yield..

New Developments

Masks provide respiratory protection X-plore masks and filter respirators offer new levels of comfort and protection from hazardous compounds. The new materials and design provide a comfortable face s..

HP Construction: North America
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

ExxonMobil is expanding a cogeneration facility at its Baytown, Texas manufacturing complex. This expansion is expected to increase the energy efficiency at the complex's refinery and t..

HP Construction: Middle East
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Alstom has two separate orders for a total of four GT35C power generation sets. The orders were placed by Bechtel International Inc. and the units will be incorporated into a new LNG fa..

HP Construction: Africa
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Sasol is constructing a new 1-octene production plant at Secunda, South Africa, to meet growing global demands. The chemical is claimed to help impart special performance features such ..

HP Construction: Europe
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Foster Wheeler Energy Ltd., a Foster Wheeler Ltd. subsidiary, has a five-year, long term agreement (LTA) for ExxonMobil project work in Europe, including projects at ExxonMobil's integr..

HP Construction: Asia Pacific
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Matheson Tri-Gas, Inc., and its Korean subsidiary Matheson Gas Products Korea, completed a new high purity ammonia facility located in Chonan, Korea. The plant is designed to produce an..

HP Construction: South America
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Axens has several contracts to expand the Ecopetrol Cartagena, Colombia refinery. The project is to increase refinery capacity from 75,000 bpsd to 140,000 bpsd, while increasing residue..

Free Literature

Boiler system offers savings Miura steam boilers reportedly provide instantaneous backup systems. By going from zero pressure - cold - to operating pressure in five minutes, they are ideal w..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

  SARS impacts product ..

HP Impact: Global ethylene: feeding the giants
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The steam cracker remains the fundamental unit of the global petrochemical industry, and its key product - ethylene - the most important base feedstock. What is becoming increasingly cl..

HP Impact: PET: Growth picture looks bright
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

In the past, PET has been the darling of the petrochemical industry, with double-digit growth rates and higher margins than most other plastic resins. PET has outpaced other resins in g..

HP Impact: Middle East operators plan polyethylene expansions
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Many factors affect global polyethylene (PE) prices. Several major business conditions include: consumer spending, retail sales, oil prices, ethane (propane) inventories and values, nat..

HP Impact: Polypropylene producers strive for low-cost position
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The polypropylene (PP) industry continues to evolve as more challenges materialize for this polymer. The 1990s was an unusual development period; continuing high demand and high polymer..

HP Impact: PVC demand to increase dynamically in Asia
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

PVC production consumes nearly half of the chlorine consumption. North America and Europe have been the major PVC users. However, PVC demand is rising in developing nations; thus, marke..

Misc

Duplex versus triplex architectures for process control systems

There is no significant availability difference when the impact of field devices is considered

Loss of innocence – life after 9/11
Romanow, Stephany, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Major events quickly force paradigm shifts for individuals, industries and even nations. Disasters and tragedies galvanize groups to demand change. Recent history is littered with catas..