January 2004


Special Report: Gas Processing Developments

New charts estimate acid gas solubility in TEG
Wichert, E., Sogapro Engineering Ltd.; Wichert, G. C., Penn West Petroleum LTd.

Process engineers can calculate absorption of H2S and CO2 in triethylene glycol to optimize operations

Optimize air compressor performance for GTL plants
Ramdohr, M., Siemens Power Generation Industrial Applications

New mechanical advances enable compression solutions for evolving gas-to-liquids processes

Consider dual independent expander refrigeration for LNG production
Foglietta, J. H,, ABB Lummus Global-Randall Gas Technologies

New methodology may enable reducing cost to produce stranded gas

Select the correct LNG storage tank for your facility
Agrawal, D., Marathon Oil Co.

Critical factors to consider in design options

Salt caverns bring security, economy and capacity to LNG receiving
McCall, M. M., Conversion Gas Imports, LP

Combining storage and receiving offers advantages

Improve acid-gas removal of LPG contactors
Sargent, A., Seagraves, J., INEOS Oxide GAS/ SPEC Technology Group

Consider using these practical troubleshooting and design techniques when optimizing liquid/ liquid contactors


Effective alarm management
Brown, N., Real Time Engineering Ltd.

Follow these guidelines to reduce operator overload and mistakes

Heat Transfer/Rotating Eqiupment

Gas turbine fuel nozzle refurbishment
Phillips, J. N., Simas, P., Fern Engineering, Inc.

Follow these guidelines to improve reliability and reduce emissions

Rotating Equipment/Reliability

How piston ring design affects dry-running hydrogen compressor capacity
Feistel, N., Burckhardt Compression AG

Tests reveal the best choices


HP Reliability: Upgrade your compressor antisurge control valves
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Compressor “surge” is a low-flowphenomenon known to exist in “dynamic,” i.e., centrifugal and axialcompressors found in petrochemical plants, liquefied natural gas(LNG) facilities ..

HP Automation Safety: Safety-certified field equipment
Goble, W., exida LLC

I received an interesting question in a recent e-mail: "How can I design a safety instrumented function when I cannot buy safety-certified field equipment?" The designer went on to state that in his o..

HP Integration Strategies: Issues continue with IT in manufacturing
Hill, D., ARC Advisory Group

Dick Hill,Contributing Editor       Comments? Write: editorial@Hydrocar..

HPIn Europe: Politics of oil – Russian style
Pitt, R., European Refining & Marketing

After a year in which the Elf scandalwas finally laid to bed in Paris, eyes are now firmly focused onRussia. Observers continue to try to make sense of what ishappening there with regard to Yukos. Whi..

HP Innovations: HPInnovations

Thin, high-capacity flexible insulation for refineries Over the past 10 years, Aspen Aerogelshas perfected the science of aerogels, commercializing them in1996. Since then, the pro..

Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Exclusive sales agreement SimSci-Esscor, an Invensys plcoperating unit, has a 10-year exclusive agreement withKoch-Glitsch, a mass transfer and mist-elimination technologyprovider...

New Developments

Dispersers set standard for scalability, flexibility The IKA ULTRA TURRAX UTL 2000 single-stage dispersing machine claims to offer the refining and petrochemical industry a high degree of fl..

HP Construction: North America
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Enterprise Products Partners L.P.expanded its Norco natural gas liquids (NGL) fractionator capacityby 40% to accommodate larger volumes of mixed NGLs. Capacity wasincreased from 53,000 bpd to 75,000 b..

HP Construction: Africa
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Foster Wheeler South Africa (Pty) Ltd.,a Foster Wheeler Ltd. subsidiary, has a $45 million engineering,procurement and construction management (EPCm) contract with SasolSynfuels (Pty) Ltd. (Sasol) for..

HP Construction: Asia-Pacific
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

BP and China PetrochemicalInternational Co., a Sinopec Corp. unit, have an agreement tolicense BP’s Innovene gas phase polypropylene process technology.The process will be used to upgrade Sinopec..

HP Construction: Middle East
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

CB&I has a lump-sum turnkeycontract valued at $50 million for all tankage at the grassrootsSohar refinery in Sohar, Oman. The refinery is owned jointly by theSultanate of Oman and the Oman Oil Co. CB&..

HP Construction: Europe
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Estech GmbH & Co. KG, a jointventure between Celanese AG, Kronberg, Germany, and Hatco Corp.,Fords, New Jersey, started a synthetic ester plant in Oberhausen,Germany. The 7,000-metric-ton plant, which..

Free Literature

Made-to-order products and capabilities A new six-page brochureprofiles “made-to-order” (MTO) ball-bearing product capabilitiesand tech support available from MRC Bea..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

  Improve maintenanceperformance ..

HP Impact: 'Renewed strength,' in economies forecast for OECDcountries
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

After a drawn-out period of fits andstarts, a palpable recovery has finally taken hold across membernations of the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development(OECD). “The strong momentum..

HP Impact: Gas, LNG market to grow robustly
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Oil demand is forecast to drop by alittle over 1% by 2030. However, its consumption in absolute termswill increase from the current 77 million barrels/day (MMbpd) to120 MMbpd. To satisfy demand, a min..

HP Impact: China, India likely regions for bulk of new chemical investments
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The worldwide market for plant-levelexpenditures in the chemical industry, which totaled more than $214billion in 2003, will reach almost $241 billion by the end of 2008.This totals a modest cumulativ..

HP Impact: Key strategies identified for meeting challenges of climate change
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

An effective international response toglobal climate change requires a more flexible approach so thatcountries can take on different types of commitments best suited totheir domestic circumstances, ac..

HP Impact: Propylene demand to grow 4.7%/yr; ethylene expansions required
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

In 2002, global propylene productionreached 52.8 million metric tons per year (MMtpy) and is valued at$17 billion. The bulk of propylene production and consumption isconcentrated in North America, Wes..

HP Impact: Enhancements to device description language
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Working collaboratively, three leadingorganizations dedicated to control network technology havecompleted the initial phase of development for key extensions toelectronic device descriptions (EDD). ..

HP Impact: Consumption of many key petrochemicals to exceed capacity
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

US oil and gas producers continue toenjoy relatively high prices for their production. “While this isbeneficial for the upstream industry, it is pressuring consumers ofenergy and feedstocks,”..

Letters to the Editor

Letters to the Editor

Enhance control performance I am responding to “ Enhance process control performance,” (October 2003) by C. L. Smith, in particular to the second “Two-tank recycle pro..