November 2004


Special Report: Plant Safety and Environment

Control refinery NOx with SCRs
Damgaard, L., Preem Raffinaderi AB; Schroter, M., Haldor Topsoe; Widroth, B., Alstom Power

Installing new technology provided this refiner with more flexibility with fuel gas and reduced total plant emissions

Consider dual magnetic hermetic bearing housing seals to protect both assets and the environment
Rehmann, C., AESSEAL plc

Here's where they can be used to improve reliability and reduce emissions from oil-mist lubrication systems

Consider fast-track solution to increase crude production
Schultz, T. E., Siemens Water Technologies; Bennett, T., Calcasieu Refining

This Gulf-Coast refinery used an innovative approach to debottleneck wastewater treatment to raise site processing capability

Intelligent alarm management in a petroleum refinery
Liu, J., Wuhan Petrochemical Works; Ho, W. K., Lim, K. W., Srinivasan, R., Tan, K. C., National University of Singapore

Statistical process control and an expert system reduced nuisance alarms

Laboratory/Online Analyzers

NIR analyzer installation in multiple product streams
Smits, R., van Zevenbergen, R., Koch HC Partnership B.V.

Using multipurpose instrumentation can save time and money

Management Guidelines

Fine-tune your listening skills
Eskaros, M. G., WorleyParsons

Active listening is one of the most important tools a leader can apply. It facilitates greater understanding of situations, challenges and, most importantly, of the people who do the work


Introduction to NACE standard MR0103
Brown, J. C., Motiva Enterprises; Bush, D. R., Emerson Process Management/Fisher Controls Intl. LLC; Lewis, K .R., Shell Global Solutions International BV

Use these materials to reduce sulfide stress cracking in corrosive refinery environments

Plant Safety and Environment

Improve sulfur recovery operations
Armstrong, T., John M. Campbell & Co.

When this unit fails, environmental violations are possible

Process Safety/Environment

'Proven-in-use' criteria for safety instrumented systems

Use these guidelines to qualify equipment


HP Reliability: Consider casting salvaging methods
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Repair-welding process machinery cast components is frequently not possible. Fortunately, however, there are salvaging methods that do not involve welding: Controlled-atmosphere furnace brazing ..

HP Water Management: Should you install an online hardness analyzer?
Huchler, L. A., MarTech Systems, Inc.

Manufacturers have improved the reliability of online hardness analyzers, increasing the feasibility to automate many water treatment units. The most common applications are boiler feedwater quality a..

HP Integration Strategies: Seeing beyond the hype for wireless sensor networks
Forbes, H., ARC Advisory Group

It is difficult to find a trade, business or even a general news publication that has not given extensive coverage to recent developments in the field of wireless sensor networks (WSNs). With this lev..

HPIn Europe: The $3,500 metric ton of gasoline
Wright, Tim L., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

They're doing some unusual things with alkylate here. ?Here? being on the archipelago where I live in Sweden. There's alkylate in little plastic tanks and on the pump at a local station here. Now it a..

HP Innovations: HPInnovations

Building products defend against explosions A joint collaboration has developed a new patent-pending construction technology. The new construction materials can be cost-effectively used to build bla..

New Developments

Software delivers greater control Process Perfecter version 7 is claimed to allow manufacturers to reduce energy costs, get more capacity from existing assets and differentiate their products. New f..

HP Construction: HPIn Construction: North America
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Valero Energy Corp. has approved funding for its McKee refinery. CB&I Matrix, a CB&I subsidiary, is performing engineering, procurement and construction for the project which is valued at approximatel..

HP Construction: HPIn Construction: South America
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Linde's technology group and ENAP Refinerías S.A., The National Chilean Oil Co. ENAP subsidiary, has a 15-year contract for hydrogen supply. This project is claimed to be the first onsite project..

HP Construction: HPIn Construction: Europe
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

FUTURE ENERGY GmbH (FE), Freiberg, Germany, formerly NOELL KRC and BBP Power Plants, has a contract with Chemoprojekt a.s., Prague, Czech Republic. The agreement is for extended basic engineering work..

HP Construction: HPIn Construction: Asia-Pacific
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

QNI Pty Ltd, a wholly owned BHP Billiton subsidiary, has a contract with Aker Kvaerner Australia Pty Ltd. The agreement is for preliminary studies and engineering, procurement and construction managem..

Free Literature

Onsite hydrogen generation Making hydrogen onsite with a HOGEN hydrogen generator from Proton Energy Systems is said to be the new cost-efficient way to meet your hydrogen needs. These generators of..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

  Upswing in India's product demand After three years of ..

HP Impact: Managing risks: Improve link between Seveso II and business performance
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The HPI can use the process of compliance with the Seveso II directive as a stimulant to improve not only its safety and environmental performance, but also its business performance, says Graham Benne..

HP Impact: HPImpact: LNG resources 'loom as critical' for future of US manufacturing
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The growing cost of energy is one of a host of current challenges facing US manufacturers, but the ability to expand imports of liquefied natural gas (LNG) at reasonable cost could help rebuild the gl..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Methanol: 18 MMton net new capacity to 2009
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Global methanol supply and demand remains in a stalemate, according to a new industry analysis. "The proverbial planned and unplanned production outages, the delay of two world-scale facility startups..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Price of natural gas, emissions cleanup rules drive coal markets
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Prices for natural gas will have a profound impact on the markets for US steam coal, according to a new long-range forecast of the coal and electricity industries by Hill & Associates. The forecast al..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Worldwide capacity tightens for some major petrochemicals
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Global pricing for light and heavy feedstocks greatly affects costs and margins for petrochemicals producers. In particular, the pricing of natural gas, oil derivatives and propylene has an enormous i..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Product variables could 'chill' US heating oil season

Refinery capacity restraints, European regulatory issues, high demand for diesel and gasoline, and Old Man Winter could have a "chilling" impact on supply. So says an ICF Consulting report that cautio..

Letters to the Editor

Letters to the editor

The Chemists' Club Over one hundred years ago, The Chemists' Club was established as a non-profit organization to foster professional and social interaction between people who share an interest i..