December 2005

Archive

Special Report: Plant Design and Engineering

New approach to revamps
Denk, Aggreko; Ockwig, J., Flint Hills Resources, L.P.

Case history of a delayed coking unit's main fractionator details a method that delivers a shorter schedule and lower cost, while retaining current best practices

Are resources at the ready to build the future LNG industry?
Chevriere, J. P., Transmar Consult Inc.

Here are projections on likely market size and constraints facing the participants

Laser scanning solutions secure accurate dimensional data
McGill, J., Quantapoint; Clarke, R., Griffin, V., Fluor Corp.

This engineering and construction planning tool can reduce schedules, overall costs and exposure to potentially hazardous onsite environments

Use of pipework dampers to reduce piping vibrations
Saha, S., Reliance Refinery

This method has been applied successfully in operating facilities to increase dynamic reliability and plant life

Engineering Case Histories

Case 30: One cause of a pump not pumping
Sofronas, A., Consulting Engineer

A stronger pump can block out the weaker one

Fluid Flow

Use ejectors to reduce operating costs
Nayek, S. K., Venkatesh, R., Reliance Industries Ltd.

Here are some uncommon applications for the technology

Heat Transfer/Piping

Update design and maintenance methods for refractory systems
Colwell, R., Bechtel Corp.

Better design methods and repair efforts reduce failure of these systems

Maintenance

Improve asset performance management
McNeeney, A., Meridium, Inc.

This methanol plant implemented a system that supported its strategic objectives of managing risk and improving profitability

Petrochemical Developments

Optimize phenol production
Wright Wytcherley, R., GTC Technology US, LLC

By using new technologies for intermediate feedstocks, polycarbonate producers can improve manufacturing-chain costs

Refining Developments

Optimize Claus operations
Micucci, L., Siirtec Nigi S.p.A.

New methods consider applying higher ratios of H2S to SO2 to increase processing flexibility for this refinery unit

Rotating Equipment/Reliability

Returning submerged gear drives to temporary service
DeBaecke, J., Philadelphia Gear Corp.

Follow these guidelines to render the unit operational for a significant period before a rebuild is required

HP Interview

HP talks with Emil Peña, former Deputy Secretary, US Department of Energy

Oil continues to be the world's most important energy source. For the US Gulf Coast, Hurricanes Katrina's and Rita's destruction reinforces the uncertainty and vulnerability of crude oil supplies and ..

Columns

HP Control: Why coker APC applications are tough
Friedman, Y. Z., Petrocontrol

I recently helped commission a coker multivariable predictive control (MVPC) application at the ROG Horst refinery in Germany (see acknowledgment). Commissioning new advanced process control (APC) app..

HP Reliability: Don't just repair: Upgrade!
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

 Fig. 1     Bearing mounting options. A well-known trade journal recently published a page on thrust-bearing orientation..

HP Water Management: Monitor cooling water quality – Part 2
Huchler, L. A., MarTech Systems, Inc.

Monitor cooling water quality – Part 2Operations personnel are responsible for monitoring cooling water to ensure system reliability. Core focus areas include testing water quality and chemical i..

HP Integration Strategies: Making coal the other clean gas

With the cost of oil hovering around $65/barrel, national energy policies are welcoming an old friend, coal. Coal is the world's most available and geographically distributed energy source. It is also..

HPIn Europe: Spare a thought for the oil-rich this Christmas
Wright, Tim L., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

TIM LLOYD WRIGHT, EUROPEAN EDITOR    Comments? Write: editorial@HydrocarbonProcessing.com Join me at this festive time in sparing a thought for ..

New Developments

High-pressure hose pump The PetroProof pump claims to be the first industrial high-pressure hose pump that can pump petrochemicals such as hydrocarbons and oils. Its new oil-resistant hose m..

HP Construction: North America
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Marathon Oil Corp. is expanding its 245,000-bpd Garyville, Louisiana, refinery. Project cost is approximately $2.2 billion and will increase the refinery's crude throughput capacity by 180,000 bpd to ..

HP Construction: South America
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The joint venture (JV) between KBR and JGC Corp. has a contract with Peru LNG Co., LLC (PLNG) to prepare a lump-sum turnkey (LSTK) price for a liquefied natural gas (LNG) facility to be located in Pam..

HP Construction: Europe
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Huntsman Petrochemicals (UK) Ltd. is purchasing what is claimed to be one of the largest reciprocating compressors ever built from GE's oil and gas business. The compressor is for a new facility in no..

HP Construction: Africa
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Siemens Power Generation (PG) is building two steam power plant units for Office Cherifien des Phosphates (OCP) in Morocco. The two units, which Siemens PG will build as turnkey projects in Jorf Lasfa..

HP Construction: Asia-Pacific
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

GE Energy has a contractual service agreement providing maintenance services for two GE Frame 6B gas turbines operating at a Gulf Cogeneration Co. Ltd., a Gulf Electric Public Co. Ltd. subsidiary, pow..

HP Construction: Middle East
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Foster Wheeler Energy Ltd. (FWEL) and Foster Wheeler Arabia, Ltd., both Foster Wheeler Ltd. subsidiaries, have a contract with Eastern Petrochemical Co. (SHARQ), a SABIC affiliate, for the engineering..

Free Literature

How to evaluate and repair damaged insulation Adequate insulation is critical to controlling process temperature and protecting workers, as well as saving energy. The Industrial Insulation Group's (II..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

  Investments key in Middle East/ Africa Noting that a lack of investment in upstream and downstream cap..

HP Impact: China's methanol industry continues its upsurge
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Discussions of future trends for the Chinese methanol market were featured at the annual Methanol Forum, Houston, Texas. China is the second largest consumer of methanol and quickly advancing to be th..

HP Impact: Despite storms, US energy firms post record 2005 earnings
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

For US-based integrated oil companies, 2005 has been a year of surprises. Third-quarter and nine-month performance figures show exceptional earnings by several corporations. Some of these companies en..

HP Impact: Refined product demand in Asia-Pacific reacts to oil price increases
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Asia-Pacific will continue to play an important role in global demand growth: the region's demand growth is forecast to account for 38% to 46% of incremental global demand from 2004 – 2006, says ..

HP Impact: Ethylene mercury deposits: messages from Prague
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

A gathering of ethylene producers in Prague, The Czech Republic, thrashed out its concerns over mercury corrosion in aluminum heat exchangers. "There was a good paper on the subject and a discussion a..

HP Impact: Legislation needed to unburden US refiners, say industry analysts
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Two natural disasters, hurricanes Katrina and Rita, are forcing US policymakers to address the nation's major energy issues. "Petroleum refining in the US is at a crossroads, a crucial turning point w..