February 2005


Special Report: Clean Fuels

Biodiesel: clean fuel of the future
Pramanik, T., Tripathi, S., Hindustan Petroleum Corp. Ltd. (HPCL)

New processing technologies uncover means to produce low-sulfur biomass-based diesel

Clean fuels: What are the issues?
Ohmes, R., Sayles, S., KBC Advanced Technologies, Inc.

Critical hurdles such as testing and supply distribution must be resolved as part of new fuel mandates

It’s not too soon to prepare for new EU chemicals legislation
Dmytrasz, B. A., CONCAWE

Regulation in Europe is on the verge of a radical transformation. What does this mean for the downstream oil industry?

Consider using new technology to improve FCC unit reliability
Dries, I. H., Muller, F., Willbourne, P., Shell Global Solutions International BV; Fum, M., Shell Eastern Petroleum Pte Ltd.; Williams, C. P., Shell Global Solutions

In this revamp project, installing new equipment increased throughput with the added bonus of greater mechanical integrity for the unit

How industry can meet testing requirements for ULSD
Wilt, B. K., Marathon Ashland Petroleum, LLC

A quick comparison of analytical techniques available to meet regulatory mandates

New mild hydrocracking route produces 10-ppm-sulfur diesel

Tightened specifications challenge refiners to develop innovative solutions that upgrade heavy cuts into high-quality diesel

What are the options for hydrogen plant revamps?
Dykbkjaer, I., Process Development Dept., Technology Division, Haldor Topsoe A/S

Increase existing production capacity using these novel technologies

Upgrade catalytic cracking operations
He, M.-P., Long, J., Tian, H.-P., SINOPEC Research Institute of Petroleum Processing (RIPP)

New processing methods fine-tune gasoline for the Chinese market

Engineering Case Histories

Case 25: The leaking flange gasket
Sofronas, A., Consulting Engineer

A simple calculation can help determine the cause

Rotating Equipment/Reliability

Pump control strategies benefit from compressor know-how
Mirsky, S., Compressor Controls Corp.

Similar techniques can be used to avoid problems with parallel operation


HP Control: More about inferential control models
Friedman, Y. Z., Petrocontrol

My friend and colleague, Myke King, wrote an article1 proposing rules for dealing with inferential control models. For the most part, I agree with the arguments, and especially enjoyed the funny illus..

HP Reliability: Understand lubrication
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Heinz P. Bloch, Reliability/Equipment Editor       Comments? Write:HB@HydrocarbonProcessing.com The subject of lubrication is rarely, if ever, taught in US universities. Tha..

HP Integration Strategies: Interoperability addresses the cost of plant-to-business integrations
Mick, R., ARC Advisory Group

To remain viable over the long term, successful businesses need to be agile, responding to changing customer needs and dynamic business environments. Agility is needed in many aspects of the business,..

HPIn Europe: Beginning of the start of the end of oil
Wright, Tim L., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Here's a long view, a very long view, on the way hydrocarbon processing for energy and transport may develop over the next 50 years, starting quite possibly with a billion dollars of investment here i..

HP Water Management: How to inspect the waterside of a fired boiler
Huchler, L. A., MarTech Systems, Inc.

Most refineries and chemical plants inspect the waterside of each fired boiler during the annual or bi-annual outage. The purpose of this inspection is to ensure that the corrosion and deposit control..

HPIn Europe: HPIn Construction: Europe
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

BASF is expanding its diphenylmethane diisocyanate (MDI) plant in Antwerp, Belgium, from 360,000 metric tpy to 450,000 metric tpy. The expansion is scheduled for completion second-quarter 2005. Report..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Risks from LNG spills ‘manageable,' says new safety report
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) estimates that domestic natural gas production is expected to increase more slowly than consumption, rising to 20.5 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) in 2010 and 21..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Training teaches next generation of plant design
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The recently developed Professional Piping Designer (PPD) Certification Program from the Society of Piping Engineers and Designers (SPED) shows how the piping design profession is becoming a broad and..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Surge in China's coal-fired power plants spurring shortages
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

In the past 18 months, China has started more new coal-fired power plants than the US has built in the past half century. Provinces suffering from blackouts and electricity shortages due to the boom..

HP Innovations: HPInnovations

Foil gas bearings enable oil-free compressor 'breakthrough' Mohawk Innovative Technology, Inc. (MiTi) has enabled what it claims is a truly oil-free plant air compressor. Working with Samsung Tec..

New Developments

Communicator for advanced maintenance support The 375 Field Communicator now supports 82 additional FOUNDATION fieldbus devices and 50 more HART instruments for maintenance purposes. It is already c..

HP Construction: HPIn Construction: North America
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

KIM M. JACKSON , Process Editor       Comments? Write: KJ@HydrocarbonProcessing.com ..

HP Construction: HPIn Construction: Middle East
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Siemens LLC, Dubai, as a consortium leader, has an order from the Abu Dhabi Gas Liquefaction Co. Ltd. (ADGAS) to modernize and extend power supply and distribution equipment for a gas liquefaction pla..

HP Construction: HPIn Construction: Africa
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Honeywell has a $60 million contract from Naftec Spa for an automation project at its refinery in Arzew, Algeria. The project's goal is to modernize instrumentation systems to improve production and o..

HP Construction: HPIn Construction: Asia-Pacific
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Aker Kvaerner China, an Aker Kvaerner Group subsidiary, completed the polyacetal copolymer (POM) resin plant project for Asahi-DuPont POM (Zhangjiagang) Co., Ltd., in Zhangjiagang, Jiangsu Province, P..

Free Literature

Pump for abrasive process slurries The Titan Slurry heavy-duty, dual-case lined pump is a horizontal, single-stage, end-suction pump. Its tangential discharge reportedly handle..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

  US energy demand outlook The US is th..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Asia-Pacific: most regions to experience robust demand growth
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Since 2001, Asia's incremental oil demand growth has steadily improved on the back of China's amazing increase in petroleum product demand. A new analysis from FACTS Inc. projects that 2004 will be a ..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Asia refining: time for conversion capacity investments?
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The Asian refining industry has endured drastic cycles during the past 15 years. In the early 1990s, the unprecedented expansion led to rapid growth in petroleum demand and the need for refining capac..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Five trends in 3D laser scanning for year ahead
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Laser scanning is a technology that really shines when labor is expensive, capital is scarce, schedules are tight and appetites for project risk are low. "I don't know anyone who expects relief from a..


Industry developments
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

New technologies and regulations are spurring growth

Gulf Publishing Co. announces management changes

   Gulf Publishing Company announced the following management changes:    ..

Improve yield accounting by including density measurements explicitly

Reconcile both mass and volume simultaneously

Improve catalytic cracking to produce clean fuels
Letzsch, W., The Shaw Group

Update the cracker heat balance to minimize coke make