April 2006

Archive

Special Report: Petrochemical Developments

Petrochemical and polymers outlook – 2006 and beyond
Swanson, A. B., Nexant, Inc.

For this industry, the forecast is optimistic. Yet, energy prices can dim future demand and profits

Ammonia industry – today and tomorrow
Nair, M. P. Sukumaran, Special Secretary to Government of Kerala, and Chairman, Chemical Engineering Division Board of the Institution of Engineers

Innovations in technology and best practices facilitate economic survival for global operating companies

Maximize butene-1 yields

A new reactor system capitalizes on shifting butene-2 to butene-1 from C4 fractions

Fine-tune cracking efficiencies for larger olefins crackers
Yue, Z., Zheng, C. W., Beijing Eastern Chemicals Works

Innovations in radiant coil design and layout facilitate leap to greater-capacity single-cell furnaces for ethylene plants

Maximize ammonia production cost-effectively
Patel, R., Onquest Inc.,; West-Toolsee, E., PCS Nitrogen Ltd.

Operating company chooses to revamp the primary reformer to increase capacity of existing unit

Minimize acid content from reactor exit gases
Boucher, F., Lachapelle, L., Interquisa; Normandin, A., Mesar/Environair Inc.

Plagued with operating problems from solid benzoic acid accumulation, this Canadian operating facility successfully converted the venturi scrubber into a packed tower/ quench unit

Corrosion/Heat Transfer

Estimating corrosion in metallic stacks caused by hydrochloric acid
Gomes, J. F. P., Centro de Tecnologias Ambientais ISQ--Instituto de Soldadura e Qualidade

Simple method can be used to calculate the dewpoint temperature

Engineering Case Histories

Case 32: Piping flexibility concerns
Sofronas, A., Consulting Engineer

Thermal upsets can cause pump problems due to piping loads

Maintenance/Structurals

Delayed coking turnaround involving three civil engineering projects
Kline, T., Structural Preservation Systems

Innovative project construction phasing, and the combination of precast, cast-in-place and pre-tensioned concrete construction technologies resulted in a proper restoration

Management Guidelines

Harness the power of effective personnel evaluations
Riddle, A. L., ExxonMobil

Use these techniques to help improve organizational culture and business alignment

Process Control

Detecting interacting controllers using fast Fourier transforms and correlation coefficients
Chen, D. H., Lamar University; Lo, P., Chevron Phillips Chemical; Stout, J., Stout, S., Wetuski, P., Nexus Solutions; Swan, W. P., Sasol

Using both techniques provides the best solution

Process Optimization

Prevent system hydrate formation during sudden depressurization
Asadi Zeydabadi, B., Haghshenas, M., Namvaran Management and Engineering; Moshfeghian, M., Shiraz University; Roshani, S., Petrochemical Industries Design & Engineering Co., PIDEC

Using this technique can help size gas plant inhibitor packages

Columns

HP Reliability: Vibration limits: Is there a consensus?
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

An experienced reliability manager recently asked our opinion on the subject of turbomachinery vibration. He and his staff had been discussing the vibratory behavior and applicable settings on one of ..

HP Integration Strategies: Top process automation developments and trends
O'Brien, L., ARC Advisory Group

It has always been ARC's position that technology itself has no inherent benefit unless it provides a measurable value proposition to the end user. The drive toward business value and the path to oper..

HPIn Europe: New WHO guidelines will go to heart of European policy
Wright, Tim L., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

You may be aware that there's some scratching of heads in this heavily dieselized continent about particulate matter (PM) pollution. The World Health Organization (WHO) has just issued its first Air Q..

HP Water Management: Consider energy conservation in boiler systems
Huchler, L. A., MarTech Systems, Inc.

With the rising cost of energy, many process engineers are focusing on opportunities to conserve energy within the energy-intensive utility operations – the boiler and steam circuit. Most enginee..

HP Construction: North America
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Emerson Process Management, an Emerson business, and BP International Ltd. have a contract for Emerson to replace aging process automation systems at BP's three largest US refineries. Covered in the a..

Free Literature

Specifics of air compressor service levels Sullair Corp.'s new series of literature explains its various customer-service levels, detailing parts, service and training agreements. Levels of ..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

  Revival for refining It seems news of new refining investments occur daily. At the end of January 2006..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Competitive demands, public expectations ratchet up for refiners
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Exceptional oil consumption and the resulting high prices have put refining firmly in the public spotlight. Competitive demands and public expectations are both increasing, according to in a recent ou..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Petrochemicals sector in China sees rapid capacity buildup
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Surprisingly, despite China's oil-poor reputation, that country could become a major competitor in petrochemical production, says a new analysis from SRI Consulting (http://wp.sric.sri.com). "In the h..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Owners respond to era of 'sharing' the workforce shortage
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The downstream industry is in a new state of transition – transition in the sense that the recent surge in the demand for engineering contractor services is ushering in an entirely new era for th..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Professional piping designer program fully operational
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The Society of Piping Engineers and Designers (SPED) has successfully completed its final pilot test of its certification exam for Professional Piping Designer (PPD) Level III. The pilot test was give..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Continued growth in energy stocks forecast by S&P
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Standard & Poor's reports ongoing confidence in energy stocks, favoring investment strategies that overweight exposure to this sector. The independent financial research firm's council of senior econo..

HP Impact: HPImpact: US pump demand to reach $8.5 billion in 2010
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

US demand for fluid-handling pumps is expected to increase 2.7%/yr to $8.5 billion in 2010, supported by an improved outlook for many pump-using industries. In addition, gains will be bolstered by con..

Letters to the Editor

Letters to the Editor

Choosing inferential modeling tools In Zak Friedman's "HPIn Control" column (January 2006, pp.15 – 16) on the relative merits of inferential models based on spreadsheet regression techniques, Mr...

Misc

HP talks with Greg Lewin, President of Shell Global Solutions International BV

The hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI) is constantly re-inventing itself. Many factors are propelling these efforts including high energy prices, crude oil shortages, tight natural gas supplies, en..

South America

 KIM M. JACKSON, Process Editor       Comments? Write: KJ@HydrocarbonProcessing.com Mustang Engineering (Mustang), a John Wood Group PLC (Wood Group) subsi..

Europe

 KIM M. JACKSON, Process Editor       Comments? Write: KJ@HydrocarbonProcessing.com Lentjes GmbH, Düsseldorf, Germany, a GEA Group subsidiary, has new orde..

Middle East

 KIM M. JACKSON, Process Editor       Comments? Write: KJ@HydrocarbonProcessing.com Foster Wheeler Energy Ltd. (FWEL) and Foster Wheeler Arabia, Ltd., both..

Asia-Pacific

 KIM M. JACKSON, Process Editor       Comments? Write: KJ@HydrocarbonProcessing.com Foster Wheeler Ltd.'s Global Power Group has a contract for two circula..

HPImpact: Downstream activity in Latin America perks up on profits

WENDY WEIRAUCH, Managing Editor       Comments? Write: WW@HydrocarbonProcessing.com Overall, Latin America contains 13% of the world's oil reserves and is now the..