December 2006

Special Report: Plant Design and Engineering

Engineering and economics of CO2 removal and sequestration

Using this technology will help facilities meet environmental regulations

Flintoff, W., Consultant; Saxena, M. N., Global Machinery Consultants Pty Ltd.

Increased waste heat recovery from flue gases can minimize the capital and operating cost associated with post-combustion carbon dioxide (CO2) capture and sequestration facilities. This can offer cost-effective technology and minimize CO2 released to the atmosphere. Due to CO2's ability to trap solar radiation in the earth's atmosphere and the sheer quantity emitted, CO2 is considered the principal greenhouse gas responsible for global warming by many in the scientific community. Approximately 7 giga (7 trillion) tons/year (tpy) of CO2 is emitted worldwide and this is forecast to double between 2030 and 2050. Legislative action is anticipated to impose stricter emissions standards, financi

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