February 2006

Archive

Special Report: Clean Fuels

Roadmap for Mexico's clean fuels program

Ultra-low-sulfur gasoline and diesel are expected to be available by early 2009. Here's a look at investment requirements

Optimize glycol production from biomass

A novel glycol production method provides a way to use glycerol – the unwanted byproduct from biodiesel processing

Viewpoint: A new refinery must be part of the US energy solution
McGinnis, G., Arizona Clean Fuels Yuma

He shares his view on energy and transportation fuels supply with HP.

What are the experiences gained from clean fuels projects?

Early implementation of low-sulfur gasoline and diesel have yielded useful information for the next wave of projects in Europe

Apply a comprehensive approach to biofuels

New technologies can be integrated within an existing refinery to cost-effectively blend next-generation transportation fuels

New methods upgrade refinery residuals into lighter products
Wolff, J., Zuideveld, P., Shell Global Solutions International BV

Gasification of bottom-of-the-barrel byproducts can provide operating flexibility due to tighter fuel oil specifications

Control sulfur levels in FCC products

To meet tighter performance standards will include innovative sulfur removal technologies as part of the refining scheme

Multivariable step testing for MPC projects reduces crude unit testing time
Craik, M., Irving Oil Limited; Harmse, M., Kalafatis, A., Patel, K., Zheng, Q., Aspen Technology

The approach also improves model accuracy without sacrificing process safety

Bonus Report: Process and Laboratory Analyzers

Biodiesel: a renewable and biodegradable fuel
Bowman, M., Hilligoss, D., Rasmussen, S., PerkinElmer Life and Analytical Sciences; Thomas, R., Scientific Solutions

New US specification ensures product identity and quality for biodiesel

Hydrogen desulfurization extends fuel cell life
Benz, W., University of Duisburg-Essen; Mathiak, I. J., ZBT; Van Der Saar, I. K., Van Doeselaar, I. M., Thermo Electron Corp.

Using this analytical technique can improve overall performance

Engineering Case Histories

Case 31: The analytical modeling niche
Sofronas, A., Consulting Engineer

A simple model can greatly expand your equipment knowledge

Maintenance

Use the system approach to spare parts management
deCastro, D. A., Brasman

It yields substantially better results than the commonly used item method

Rotating Equipment/Reliability

Pitfalls of operating pumps at part load
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The risk in terms of reduced reliability and safety is not worth it

Columns

HP Reliability: How to find a job and keep it . . .
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

That was the heading on a periodical that I always enjoy reading. It made the point that "Many people lose their jobs not because of a lack of technical skill, but because they lack the ability to com..

HP Integration Strategies: Advanced process control for competitive advantage
Fiske, T., ARC Advisory Group

In a recent ARC survey, users ranked APC as providing the best value among advanced automation solutions. Despite this affirmation, many manufacturers view APC as a commodity application that should b..

HPIn Europe: Another lesson in the physics of the thermobaric bomb
Wright, Tim L., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

As we rounded the corner, we saw the gasoline tanker crashed into the side of a passenger coach, a person on the ground to the rear of the tanker. A small passenger car was engulfed in flames some fiv..

HP Water Management: Trouble with RO
Huchler, L. A., MarTech Systems, Inc.

Many refineries and chemical plants have replaced or supplemented sodium zeolite softeners with reverse osmosis (RO) membrane units to remove soluble contaminants from water used as boiler makeup. Ben..

HP Innovations

Thermal imager delivers high performance, low cost of ownership Fluke Corp. is expanding its line of infrared thermography products with the Ti20 Thermal Imager. Designed for use by industrial mainten..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Economist assesses gulf between oil/gas costs, low consumer spending
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The energy shock to economic growth will be felt worldwide through the increasing global imbalance between high investment and low consumer spending, according to an analysis by The Conference Board, ..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Government, industry to build zero-emissions power plant prototype
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The US Department of Energy and an industrial alliance have kicked off a project to build FutureGen, a prototype of the fossil-fueled power plant of the future. The $1 billion government-industry proj..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Energy applications spur expansions in global valve demand
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The world market for industrial valves will grow steadily to $49 billion in 2009. This is up from $43 billion in 2005, according to research from the McIlvaine Co. (www.mcilvainecompany.com). In the a..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Petrochemicals sector in Korea, Taiwan sees healthy growth
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

In contrast to a sluggish petrochemical industry in much of the globe, ethylene production in Korea has expanded in the past eight years, with a robust 5.2%/yr growth rate. In 2004, there were 5.96 mi..

HP Impact: Growth remains strong throughout the HPI
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Gas processing. Liquefied natural gas (LNG) growth is still bullish. Large capital expenditures are forecasted through the year 2025 with more than $50 billion in combined LNG projects coming onstream..

New Developments

Connectors for simple steam trap maintenance A new line of universal steam trap strainer connectors are offered with an upgraded BDV3 blowdown valve. When used with standardized, universal-t..

HP Construction: North America
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

CB&I has a contract with Frontier El Dorado Refining Co. to design and build a crude and vacuum unit expansion at Frontier's refinery in El Dorado, Kansas. The expansion project is claimed to enable F..

HP Construction: Europe
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Aker Kvaerner has two framework agreements with Statoil for its Mongstad refinery in Norway. One contract covers inspection services, the other covers modifications. The agreements run for three years..

HP Construction: Middle East
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

GE Energy and RasGas Co. Ltd. have a multi-million dollar agreement calling for GE to supply various services over a 25-year period for 22 gas turbines operating at the RasGas LNG production complex i..

HP Construction: Africa
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Foster Wheeler Energy Ltd. (FWEL) and Foster Wheeler (Nigeria) Ltd., both Foster Wheeler Ltd. subsidiaries, in a joint venture with National Engineering & Technical Co. Ltd. (NETCO), have a three-year..

HP Construction: Asia Pacific
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Foster Wheeler Italiana S.p.A., a Foster Wheeler Ltd. subsidiary, has a contract with KazMunaiGas Exploration and Production (KMG EP) for a detailed feasibility study for a new petrochemical complex a..

Free Literature

Regenerative thermal oxidizers increase VOC destruction The CMM Group's regenerative thermal oxidizers are claimed to exceed all local, state and federal clean air regulations, and destroy in excess o..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

  China's currency value affects HPI Last July, China announced that its currency, the Renminbi (RMB), h..

HP Impact: HPImpact: More investment needed to meet European Union 2010 fuel mandates
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Refiners in the European Union (EU) are being pressed to meet product requirements for lower-sulfur fuels. Yet, what will the cost be to attain these very tight product specifications for transportati..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Heavy oils to play enhanced role in world product makeup
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

A report from Nexant Chem Systems (www.nexant.com) focuses on unconventional heavy oils. These are defined as the heaviest of the nonconventional hydrocarbons and constitute the world's largest known ..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Policy-makers face increasingly complex challenges, says IEA
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The year 2004 – 2005 can be characterized by important energy policy challenges, including high energy prices, volatile energy markets, implementation of a coordinated oil stock draw after Hurric..

Letters to the Editor

Letters to the Editor

Nomographs and charts I found the article "Easy way to transform nomographs and charts into a computer program," (Sept. 2005, pp. 126 – 129), interesting. However, I feel that the method used for..

Misc

Consider new methods to debottleneck clean alkylate production
D'Amico, V., Gieseman, J., ABB Lummus Global; Nousiainen, H., Neste Ol; Van Broekhoven, E., Van Rooijen, E., Albemarle Catalysts BV

Solid-acid technology enables an inherently safer approach to produce high-octane blending components