Environment & Safety Gas Processing/LNG Maintenance & Reliability Petrochemicals Process Control Process Optimization Project Management Refining

March 2006


Special Report: Instruments and Networks

Not all safety integrity level 3 safety systems are the same
ICS Triplex, a Rockwell Automation Company: Gruhn, P.

Most of the differences relate to online availability

Performing safety life cycle analysis helps mitigate process hazards
exida LLC: van Beurden, I.

Using integrity levels and instrumented functions is necessary for safe process design

Abnormal situation prevention through smart field devices
Emerson Process Management: Eryurek, E.  |  Sharpe, P.  |  White, D.

High-speed data capture and analysis can detect many process anomalies

Predicting cavitation damage in control valves
Samson AG: Kiesbauer, J.  |  Vnucec, D.
Darmstadt University of Technology: Roth, M.  |  Stoffel, B.

New method evaluates noise in the ultrasonic range

Determine 'unknown loss' in refineries and terminals
SoftLab, Inc.: Bertotto, A.
SS Tech Services: Sivaraman, S.

Use the systematic error component of a measuring device to correct mass/ volume balances

Bonus Report: Demise/Rise of Process Control

Demise and keys to the rise of process control
Clifftent Inc.: Latour, P. R.

Modeling the penalty for violating constraints as well as modeling the credit for approaching them, and shared-risk shared-reward business practices are the solutions

Catalyst Development

Use micrographs to diagnose FCC operations
Wuhan Petrochemical Works: Liu, C.  |  Liu, J.  |  Shu, S.
Honeywell Co. Ltd.: Zhou, H. J.

New analytical methods explore processing problems at the catalyst particle level


Optimize separation efficiency for multipass tray
Reliance Industries Ltd.: Jaguste, S. D.  |  Kelkar, J. V.

New calculation method provides better way to distribute flowpaths in distillation column

Refining Developments

Improve tail gas operations
ConocoPhillips Bayway Refinery: Stavros, J.

Innovative operation changes increase run length for sulfur plant

Rotating Equipment/Reliability

Understand cavitation in reciprocating pumps
Indian Oil Corp. Ltd.: Sahoo, T.

Use these guidelines to help avoid problems

Systems Management

Integrated planning solution bolsters supply chain management
Indian Oil Corp. Ltd.: Basu, U. K.
Honeywell Automation India Ltd.: Dubey, S.  |  Gaikwad, A.

The approach uses synergies that exist between various refinery functions to maximize corporate profit


HP Control: Where has engineering judgment gone?
Petrocontrol: Friedman, Y. Z.

One of my clients has a dozen or so distillation multi-variable predictive control (MVPC) applications, implemented by one of the major advanced process control (APC) vendors. These applications have ..

HP Reliability: Reasonable pump life assessed from published statistics
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Bloch, Heinz P.

In the preface to a recent Pump User's Handbook (ISBN 0-88173-517-5) we alluded to pump failure statistics. These failure statistics are often translated into mean-time-between-failure (MTBF). For wha..

HPIn Europe: LNG spill safety: Don't let wool be pulled over one's eyes
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Wright, Tim L.

The liquefied natural gas (LNG) industry is growing explosively around us. Is it exploding safely? Is it moving into mainland Europe in a way that will be acceptable to European society? Whether they ..

HP Integration Strategies: Enhancing human performance through knowledge management
ARC Advisory Group: Fiske, T.

A convergence of business, automation and demographic workforce changes are catalyzing a new era of manufacturing. Until recently, a company's success relied heavily on individual knowledge scattered ..

HP Innovations

Thermal imaging offers noncontact option for temperature monitoring A new generation of wireless thermal imaging cameras is allowing operators of high-temperature pressure vessels to see in vivid colo..

New Developments

Single-gas detector offers maintenance-free operation The ALTAIR single-gas detector features three sensor options: carbon monoxide (CO), hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and oxygen. The CO and H2S ve..

HP Construction: North America
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Mustang Engineering, L.P. (Mustang), a John Wood Group PLC (Wood Group) subsidiary, has successfully installed E!CEMS at a refinery owned by Valero Energy Corp. (Valero). The environmental data manage..

HP Construction: Europe
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Aker Kvaerner has a letter of intent (LOI) with Statoil to provide engineering and assistance for the procurement and construction management upgrade at the group's Mongstad refinery, north of Bergen,..

HP Construction: Africa
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Invensys Process Systems has a contract with Bechtel to supply Triconex triple modular redundant (TMR) technology for safety instrumented systems in the SonaHess Gassi El Agreb (GEA) redevelopment pro..

HP Construction: Middle East
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

GTC Technology has an agreement with Saudi Basic Industries Corp. (SABIC) to provide licensed technology at its Yanbu site. The company will use the GT-BTX process technology at its grassroots Yanbu N..

HP Construction: Asia-Pacific
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

GE's Oil & Gas business has a contract with China Petroleum Material and Equipment Corp. and the West East Gas Pipeline Co., a PetroChina Co. Ltd. subsidiary to be an equipment supplier to expand Chin..

Free Literature

Engineering services for the downstream marketplace Bastion Technologies, Inc. is diversifying its base to include petrochemical, offshore oil and gas, power generation and other related markets. The ..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

  NOCs to continue acquisitions Executives at National Oil Companies (NOCs) are seeking new relationship..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Push is on for more progress in technology interoperability
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Aiming to accelerate the pace of technology deployment, industry consortia FIATECH is spearheading a new project. The initiative's mission is to improve the performance of facilities over their full l..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Petrochemicals: Global earnings have peaked, says a CMAI analysis
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

A fundamental and lasting recovery in the chemicals, plastics and fibers markets has reached maturity, according to a recent analysis by CMAI (www.cmaiglobal.com). Several product markets are exhibiti..

HP Impact: HPImpact: RFID technology's price tag decreases through standardization
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

In late 2004, a number of US industry mandates—most notably from Wal-Mart and the US Department of Defense—began to force companies to utilize radio frequency identification (RFID) labels. A..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Distillate demand to recover as prices stabilize, says ESAI
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Asia-Pacific distillate prices stabilized somewhat in December along with crude, while product crude price spreads moved in line with historical seasonal patterns, according to an analysis by Energy S..

HP Impact: HPImpact: President Bush seeks more security in US energy supply
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Keeping America competitive requires affordable energy, President Bush stressed in his State of the Union address. The best way to break what he terms the nation's "addiction" to oil is through techno..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Oil and gas production still shut-in from Gulf hurricanes
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

The Gulf of Mexico, one of the US's largest sources of oil and gas production, was dealt a one-two punch by hurricanes last fall, causing destruction and substantial damage to offshore platforms withi..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Energy industry: Huge profits entail massive capital outlays
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

The American Petroleum Institute (API) recently provided the US Congress with an update on the oil and natural gas industry efforts to meet the nation's energy needs. Nationwide, regular gasoline aver..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Industry investors praise shareholder value, management
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

An overwhelming majority of US oil and gas investors (81%) support "green" energy investments, according to a recent survey by Deloitte & Touche LLP. Approximately one-third of investors believe compa..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Thermal air treatment to require $2 billion by end of decade
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Industry around the globe will be making $2 billion annual investments in thermal treatment systems to reduce air pollutants by 2010. This is an increase of $500 million over the 2005 investment, acco..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Biofuels demand in Europe surges toward a $3.6 billion market
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

European demand for fuels made from renewable resources could triple by 2010. The percentage of biofuels in the region's total fuel mix will rise from the current 2% to 5.75% by decade's end, accordin..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Common myths in the interoperability debate
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

What is holding back the goal of developing interoperability in plant life cycle technology? According to FIATECH's Ric Jackson, some common myths are that: Owners must lead. To this, FIATECH respon..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Correction
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Because of a typo in last month's "HP Impact" section, total worldwide oil production was wrongly stated. Within the text of an item that appeared on p. 21, titled, "Heavy oils to play enhanced role i..


Selective withdrawal flows from storage tanks
Logistics Engineering University: Liu, L.  |  Pu, J.

Using this technique can improve costs and product quality