October 2006

Storage Tanks

Improve selection and sizing of storage tanks

Guidelines help engineers select the best tank design for plant applications

Heydari Gorji, A., Kalat Jari, H., Sazeh Consultants

Storage tanks are used to receive and hold raw materials for further processing into end-products. Within the plant, the feedstocks and raw materials undergo several processes steps by various operating units. Because the flow of feedstocks and other raw materials is not exactly instantaneous, tanks are needed to hold various product streams. Finally, storage tanks are used to hold and store finished products until distribution. Storage tanks are classified in different ways. Tanks are classified depending on the nature of the product to be stored (atmospheric, low pressure and medium pressure), operating temperature (ambient and low temperature) as well as the type of construction (aboveg

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