September 2006


Special Report: Refining Developments

Growth of Indian petroleum refining industry
Goyal, O. P., Visiting Faculty, Mumbai University Institute of Chemical Technology

Emerging from India's 'hydrocarbon vision' are opportunities for refinery projects, as well as options to augment the domestic crude oil supply

Consider adopting next-generation refinery scheduling
Agrawal, A., Balasubrmanian, K., Infosys Technologies

An opportunity exists to redefine the way planning is done, involving the key groups more in a strategic supply-chain management role

Improve cloud points for 'clean' diesel
de Groote, C. C., Taracha, J., The Lubrizol Corp.

Innovative additives help refiners blend for ultra-low-sulfur diesel

Minimize furnace tubes carburization
Aguado, J. M., CEPSA

Following a failure during a routine startup, engineers discovered two problems that compromised tube service life

Upgrade your furnace for clean fuels
Friesen, T., Chevron; Patel, R., Onquest Inc.,

Reliability and environmental issues were key goals for this revamp of an existing reforming unit

Analyzing the value of first-principles dynamic simulation
Ferrer, J. M., AspenTech; Gonzalez, R., Petronor, Repsol YPF Group

Use it to test new control schemes before implementing them in a plant

Consider catalyst developments for alkylation production
Mukherjee, M., Nehlsen, J., Exelus, Inc.

Catalyst service-life determines the economic viability of solid-acid alkylation processes


Major improvements in reactor effluent air cooler reliability
Cayard, M. S., Flint Hills Resources, L.P.; Horvath, R. J., Consultant; Kane, R. D., Honeywell Process Solutions

Joint industry program provides a new methodology for assessing and controlling ammonium bisulfide corrosion

Engineering Case Histories

Case 34: Hydrotesting or pneumatic testing?
Sofronas, A., Consulting Engineer

There is a big difference in safety between the two

Heat Transfer

Optimizing crude oil fired heaters
Dehghani, P., Gargani, S., National Iranian Oil and Petroleum Distribution Company; Hamidi, A. A., Tehran University

Case study shows best ways to improve efficiency

Refining Developments

New developments accelerating catalyst research

Computational chemistry with fundamental reaction kinetics streamlines innovative catalytic discoveries


HP Control: What constitutes a real-time application?
Friedman, Y. Z., Petrocontrol

I recently heard computer programs, mainly of the simulation variety, described as working in real time in service of the unit operators, inferring product properties and other unmeasured constraints ..

HP Reliability: Upgrading your fan bearings
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

This column has friends and detractors. Our detractors buy (or make) widget model 1952 and hate it when we point out that the recently developed widget model 2006 is better than the previously used st..

HPIn Europe: Still searching for Buncefield answers
Wright, Tim L., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The independent group set up last December to investigate the terminal explosion and fire at Hemel Hempstead in Hertfordshire, UK, has uncovered fundamental problems with planning and emergency prepar..

HPIn LNG: Challenges ahead for LNG
Mokhatab, S., Consultant

Liquefied natural gas (LNG) will play an important role in meeting future natural gas demand/ consumption. Particularly in industrial nations, natural gas (NG) is the preferred fuel for power generati..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Measurement, automation sector reports big gains in profits, operating income
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Assessing performance against peers and competitors, the Measurement, Control & Automation Association (MCAA) has released its latest findings. Each year, the association collects information on the o..

HP Impact: HPImpact: US industries dealing with rising energy costs in 'healthy' way
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

US industrial manufacturers are gearing up for growth, projecting an average revenue increase of 8.1% for the next 12 months, according to PricewaterhouseCoopers' most recent Manufacturing Barometer. ..

New Developments

Flowmeter functions in harsh environments A new ultrasonic flowmeter is intended as a partner to Katronic Technologies' existing KF160 flowmeter for use in hazardous and corrosive atmospheres. It is f..

HP Construction: North America
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Air Liquide Large Industries U.S. LP has selected CB&I to provide a large-scale hydrogen (H2) production facility that will be built at ConocoPhillips' refinery in Rodeo, California. The unit will sup..

HP Construction: South America
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Meridium Inc. has a contract with Braskem which operates 14 petrochemical plants in Latin America. The facilities have a production capacity of more than 5 million tpy of chemical and petrochemical pr..

HP Construction: Europe
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

MB Inspection has a three-year contract with options to extend by Shell UK Oil Products Ltd. The agreement is to supply dinitro toluene (DNT) and inspection personnel at Shell's Stanlow Manufacturing ..

HP Construction: Africa
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

PAS has a contract with Sasol for its multi-site operations effectiveness initiative. The campaign includes deploying both alarm management and control-loop performance software across multiple Sasol ..

HP Construction: Middle East
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

ConocoPhillips and International Petroleum Investment Co. signed a memorandum of understanding to identify new upstream and downstream opportunities for joint investment. The parties also signed a hea..

HP Construction: Asia-Pacific
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Dresser-Rand (D-R) has a $17 million contract for compression equipment with Shenhua Coal Liquefaction Corp., Inner Mongolia, China. D-R will provide four six-throw BDC process reciprocating compresso..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

  Production capacity in 2015: up 25% Global oil and liquids supply capacity could increase as much as 2..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Asia-Pacific product demand swings on prices, substitution
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Asia-Pacific oil demand growth slowed down in 2005, particularly during the second half. Two major reasons for this noticeable change: 1) oil prices persistently stayed at the historically highest lev..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Construction activity, maintenance spending dominate downstream
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The growth of construction activity in the HPI is unlike anything seen since the late 1970s. Sustained high prices for refined, petrochemical, and gas processing products and commodities are driving i..

HP Impact: HPImpact: EU registration of petroleum streams looms under REACH
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

First introduced in February 2001, The European Commission's "White Paper on the Strategy for a Future Chemicals Policy" presented a new system of chemicals control: Registration, Evaluation and Autho..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Value in ethics touted as industry focuses on curbing corruption
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Conducting business in an ethical manner is vital to all businesses. However, this year's annual conference of the Construction Industry Institute focused particularly on the engineering and construct..


Free Literature

Flowmeter testing conforms to API 22.2 McCrometer's V-Cone flowmeter conforms to the American Petroleum Institute's API 22.2 Testing Protocol for differential pressure flow-measurement devic..