June 2007

Archive

Special Report: Process/Plant Optimization

Summiting with multivariable predictive control
Kern, A.G., Tesoro Corp.

In a revised paradigm, focus shifts to facilitating the appropriate involvement of all operations stakeholders

Cutting-edge methods convert waste into salable products
Jorge, L. M., COPESUL; Kurukchi, S., Shaw stone & Webster; Sidoruk, D., Aracruz Celulose S.A.

Innovative pretreatment process removes hazardous contaminants from ethylene production-generated spent caustic

Model predictive control for liquefied natural gas processing plants
Mokhatab, S., Poe, W. A., Consultant

Applying this technology will increase your bottom line and improve operations

Minimize facility flaring
Baukal, C., Cooper, H., Tuttle, N., John Zink Co. LLC; Peterson, J., Flint Hills Resources, L.P.

Flares are safety devices that prevent the release of unburned gases to atmosphere

Improve reformer catalyst operations

Deactivation of hydrogen generation unit catalyst is linked to contamination of boiler feedwater from a leaking heat exchanger

Advances in tank quality measurements can help cut operational costs
Agrawal, S. S., Offsite Management Systems LLC

New techniques make analysis available in real time

Enhanced methods optimize ownership costs for catalysts
Baumler, C., Sud-Chemie; Matzopoulos, M., Urban, Z., Process Systems Enterprise Ltd.

Novel model-based innovation techniques enable simultaneous optimization of catalyst formulations and operating reactors

Control optimization saves money in distillation
Buzzetta, P., Hall, J., Heider, R., Department of Chemical Engineering

A control system simulation with an air-cooled condenser demonstrates a method to reduce operating costs

Consider furnace replacement for existing olefin units
Feigl, J., Schmidt, G., Linde AG

Leading-edge developments enable installing new units instead of revamping existing furnaces

Tune up your supply-chain models
Hartmann, H. C. M., Consultant

Optimizers prescribe the preferred operation, taking into account supply-chain constraints; analysis of its economic message is required to counter restrictiveness of the model

Implementing coker advanced process control
Friedman, Y. Z., Petrocontrol; Goodhart, S. G., AMT; Haseloff, V., Ruhr Oel

This project resulted in about a half-year payout

Corrosion/Reliability

Failure analysis of an ethylene cracking heater finned tube
Gupta, R. P., Reliance Industries Ltd.; Moon, P., IPCL

Here's what caused the leak and the steps taken to prevent future leaks

Columns

HP Control: What about reactor advanced process control?
Friedman, Y. Z., Petrocontrol

The premise of advanced process control (APC) is that there is money to be made by pushing a unit against its limits while keeping the product qualities at target. This concept is easy to understand b..

HP Reliability: Reliable plants are never an afterthought—Part 1
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

As this column goes to press, two of my colleagues are approaching 60 years of age. That makes them almost a full generation younger than I am, but their careers are just as interesting as mine—..

HPIn LNG: Should New England embrace LNG?
Mokhatab, S., Consultant

In 1999, gas-fired generation accounted for approximately 16% of New England's total electrical-power consumption. According to ISO New England (the entity responsible for managing this region's gas t..

HP Integration Strategies: The state of fieldbus in process automation—Part 2
O'Brien, L., ARC Advisory Group

Real benefits are in operational costs. While we know that benefits can be achieved in the installed cost side of the equation, the life cycle and operational benefits are where the real value lies fo..

HPIn Europe: Dutch pioneers chalk up pain and gain in IGCC
Wright, Tim L., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The dramatic rise of integrated gasification combined cycle technology (IGCC) is an industry within an industry that has found its time. In researching the subject, I spoke with Dutch power company, N..

HP Innovations

Virtual refinery aids operator training and safety studies Simulation Solutions, Inc. and SASICT, LLC have released what is claimed to be the industry's first Virtual Refinery for use in operator trai..

New Developments

Advanced process control to simplify system maintenance Profit Suite R300 is claimed to increase operator effectiveness in the control room, troubleshoot a broader array of process issues, provide eas..

HP Construction: North America
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

  Jacobs Engineering Group Inc. has two engineering, procurement and fabrication packages from BP Products North America Inc. for its planned $3 billion Canadian heavy crude refinery upgrade prog..

HP Construction: South America
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

  Aker Kvaerner is providing the basic and detailed engineering design for offshore procurement services for PetroquímicaSuape's new purified terephthalic acid (PTA) plant, to be built ..

HP Construction: Europe
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

  Aker Kvaerner has a contract with Sevan Production Services Ltd. to install the Sevan Hummingbird floating production, storage and offloading (FPSO) unit. The FPSO will be installed at the Ches..

HP Construction: Middle East
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

  Borouge has contracts valued at approximately $3 billion for Borouge 2, the major expansion project at the company's production facilities in Ruwais, Abu Dhabi, in the United Arab Emirates. The..

HP Construction: Asia-Pacific
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

  GE Oil & Gas is supplying compressor trains for two projects in China that will feature coal-based propylene plants. The two projects are Shenhua Ningxia Coal Industry Group's plant in the Ning..

Free Literature

    Grease selection based on application specifics  Anderol, Inc.'s new grease selection guide provides step-by-step instructions on selecting the most effective grease based..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

    Interoperability standard launched Over the past year, the POSC Caesar Association, USPI, the DN..

HP Impact: Economic realities push coal's share as chemical feedstock
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Political and technological advancements for coal and biomass are expected to offer chemical producers alternatives other than traditional petroleum feedstocks. Looking at the current issues facing ch..

HP Impact: Global PE: extended upturn advancing to its summit
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Polyethylene (PE) represents the largest segment of the commodity plastics business worldwide. In 2006, of the 173 million tons of commodity plastics consumption, PE represented almost 40% of the mark..

HP Impact: EU refiners must adapt to changing product demand
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

In the next decade, the EU refining industry will be facing significant changes in demand both in absolute terms and relative calls for its main products. The imbalance between the demand for gasoline..

HP Impact: Opposing groups join to develop solution for device integration
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The EDDL Cooperation Team (ECT) and the FDT Group have agreed to combine efforts and work toward a unified solution for device integration that is compatible with both technologies. This, they claim, ..

HP Impact: Wireless communication standard created for process applications
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The HART Communication Foundation (HCF) has completed draft specifications for a new wireless standard. WirelessHART is claimed to be the first open and interoperable wireless communication standard d..

HP Construction: Industry Developments
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

HPI continues global growth cycle

Letters to the Editor

Letters to the Editor

Corrections In the February 2007 article "Improve vertical reboiler piping analysis," an incorrect photo accompanied author R. Sharma's biography. The correct photo with his biography is shown here. ..