June 2007

Special Report: Process/Plant Optimization

Minimize facility flaring

Flares are safety devices that prevent the release of unburned gases to atmosphere

Baukal, C., Cooper, H., Tuttle, N., John Zink Co. LLC; Peterson, J., Flint Hills Resources, L.P.

To the casual observer, minimizing the flaring from a refinery or petrochemical facility may seem easy. Remember: Flares are safety systems designed to protect site employees, the public and the facility. New strategies can be applied to find cost-effective methods that safely minimize if not eliminate the need for flaring. A Texas refiner successfully used innovative methods to nearly eliminate flaring at its refinery. Designed to protect. Flares are combustion devices designed to safely and efficiently destroy waste gases generated in a plant (Fig. 1). In refinery operations, flammable waste gases are vented from processing units during normal operation and process upset conditions. Thes

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