Environment & Safety Gas Processing/LNG Maintenance & Reliability Petrochemicals Process Control Process Optimization Project Management Refining

March 2007


Special Report: Instruments and Networks

Ultrasonic flowmeters solve molten sulfur flow and metering problems
Honeywell Chemical Co.: Affalter, R.
Krohne, Inc.: Tjemmes, M.

Benefits included less downtime and maintenance and improved accuracy

Improve polyethylene process control and product quality
National Chemical Laboratory: Badhe, Y. P.  |  Kulkarni, B. D.  |  Lonari, J.  |  Tambe, S. S.
Reliance Industries Ltd.: Deshmukh, S. V.  |  Ravichandran, S.  |  Valecha, N. K.

Using artificial intelligence-based sensors can improve costs

Optimize process performance with online pH sensors
Invensys Process Systems: Connelly, J. P.

Demanding applications need rugged hardware to improve reliability

Fieldbus reinstrumentation project yields significant benefits
Yokogawa Corp. of America: Lau, C.
Shell Oil Co.: Medina, M.

Here's how Shell upgraded from a pneumatic instrumented plant to a fully digital control system

OPC enables interoperability
Matrikon: Murphy, E.

The latest enhancement improves communication from the field to enterprise levels

Consider a satellite-based communications backup system
Spacenet: Myers, D.

This refiner lost communications during a hurricane. Here's how it solved the problem

EDDL: improved interoperability, better integration
Fieldbus Foundation: Tatum, B.

Industry standard technology offers powerful new features

Bonus Report: Heat Transfer Developments

Key factors in selecting refractories
Blasch Precision Ceramics: Bolebruch, J.

Advanced ceramics perform well in many applications

Consider low fouling technology for 'dirty' heat transfer services
KLAREN BV: DeBoer, E. F.  |  Klaren, D. G.
Whitson Sullivan Co.: Sullivan, D. W.

Advances in heat exchanger designs mitigate fouling problems with crude oil preheater trains while conserving energy and cutting operating costs

Typical fired heater problems and root causes
Petro-Canada: Patel, S.

A quick look at symptoms can provide operational answers

Engineering Case Histories

Case 37: Can you tell me how long it will last?
Consulting Engineer: Sofronas, A.

Troubleshooting differs from design

Process Technology

Relation between knock and physical properties explored
Advisor, Essar Oil Ltd.: Rao, P. K.

New research improves estimating knock (octane numbers) by simpler methods

Increase distillation capacity with side heaters and coolers
Esfahan Oil Refining Co.: Yahyaabadi, R.

Debottlenecking towers involves close review of product yields while reducing tray flooding and energy consumption

Rotating Equipment/Reliability

Failure analysis of a steam–hydrocarbon reformer
Northern Regional Institute of Management: Nath, B. K.

Catalyst and tube performance should be monitored to prevent problems


HP Control: Inferential models that correlate but do not predict
Petrocontrol: Friedman, Y. Z.

A friend has asked me to help solve a dilemma. A neural net model developed in his plant had a near perfect fit against lab values but in spite of that the model's prediction ability was poor. I was s..

HP Reliability: HPIn Reliability
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Bloch, Heinz P.

Deviations add up to become exponential failure risks

HP Integration Strategies: Will IEC 61499 trigger another automation system migration crisis?
ARC Advisory Group: Woll, D.

Very likely, but this requires an explanation. The need to change automation systems from control systems to control and information systems drove the last migration. The title relates to the impact o..

HPIn Europe: Ministers meet to discuss milestone energy proposal
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Wright, Tim L.

Gasification is to be a key topic during the upcoming discussion at European Council level of Europe's Strategic Energy Review. The review is ambitious in scope, dramatic in its language and clear in ..

HPIn LNG: FOUNDATION fieldbus is revolutionizing LNG facilities
Consultant: Mokhatab, S.

The liquefied natural gas (LNG) industry continues to expand and diversify in response to growing demand and market flexibility. The technological improvements and cost reductions achieved throughout ..

HP Control: Middle East
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

ARCA Regler GmbH delivered an order for control valves to a new methanol plant in Oman. The contract covered about 100 control valves from the ECOTROL series with a nominal width of 1 in. to 16 in. an..

HP Innovations

Diagnostics for early warning of abnormal conditions Emerson Process Management has advanced diagnostics on its industry leading Rosemount 3051S series of instrumentation for pressure, flow and level ..

New Developments

Self-test technology for gas leak detectors SENSSONIC self-test technology is said to provide reliable and failsafe operation for Gassonic ultrasonic gas leak detectors. In field instrumentation, part..

HP Construction: North America
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

CB&I has a $75 million upgrade contract at a Caribbean oil refinery. CB&I is providing engineering, procurement, construction and management services as well as fabrication services associated with re..

HP Construction: South America
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

PETRÓLEO BRASILEIRO S.A. brought the Cidade do Rio de Janeiro floating production storage and offloading (FPSO) online. The FPSO is located in the Espadarte field in the Campos Basin. The vessel-..

HP Construction: Europe
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Technip has a services contract with BP to expand production capacity of a purified terephthalic acid (PTA) plant located in Geel, Belgium. The agreement, which covers the engineering, procurement and..

HP Construction: Africa
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Foster Wheeler South Africa (PTY) Ltd. has an engineering and project management consultancy contract with Globeleq to expand the Songo Songo Island gas processing facility in Tanzania. Contract value..

HP Construction: Asia Pacific
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

Aker Kvaerner has a letter of intent with Aker Floating Production ASA to deliver a complete subsea production system for a customer in India. Aker Kvaerner will also deliver the marine installation o..

Free Literature

Pressure/temperature switches and more United Electric Controls' new short-form catalog summarizes its electronic and electromechanical pressure, differential pressure and temperature switches, temper..

HP In Brief: HPInBrief March 2007
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

  China: tech's springboard The newest improvements in pumps, valves, filters, fans and other process eq..

HP Impact: HPImpact: EU chemicals industry in 2007 forecast to see 3% volume growth
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

The year 2006 was very favorable for the European chemicals industry. The European Chemical Industry Council (Cefic) expects output by the industry (excluding pharmaceuticals) to tally a 2.5% growth i..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Global refining: demand to outstrip capacity to 2010, says new study
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Refining has been transformed into an industry that is once again attracting significant investment. Demand is expected to outstrip capacity additions for the next three years, thus maintaining the cu..

HP Impact: HPImpact: President Bush's new energy plan targets US gasoline use
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

The 2007 State of the Union Address from Pres. George W. Bush contained program initiatives regarding energy sources and applications that directly affect the US refining industry. Pres. Bush urged Co..

HP Impact: HPImpact: World catalyst demand forecast to rise 3.6%/yr to 2010
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

After experiencing robust growth in recent years due to rapidly rising prices, catalyst demand will moderate in the near term due to falling raw material and energy costs. Further out, growth will re-..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Panel offers proposals for preventing process safety accidents
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

On March 23, 2005, the BP Texas City refinery experienced a catastrophic process accident. One of the most serious US workplace disasters of the past two decades, the accident resulted in 15 deaths an..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Benefits of coal liquefaction technology
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

A new report researched by Energy Business Reports examines how coal liquefaction offers environmental benefits, cost savings and energy security. Road trials of coal-based fuels have shown that signi..

HP Impact: HPImpact: US natural gas output lagging despite prices
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

A new analysis tracks productivity for one of the HPI's major feedstocks. A key finding from the study is that rising production costs are causing diminishing returns for US natural gas producers. Des..

Letters to the Editor

Letters to the Editor

Global warming I read with interest the letter of Dr. Chevriere in HP's November 2006 issue and have looked at the material he recommends. I have to express some qualms at his choices. One is by an au..