May 2007


Special Report: Maintenance/Reliability

Quantifying the ROI of an asset performance management program
Ayral, T., INOVx Solutions; Moran, M., Meridium, Inc.

Here's how a typical refinery can obtain nearly $4 million per year in benefits

Repair of subsurface molten sulfur containment structures
Kline, T., Structural Preservation Systems

Follow these guidelines to improve reliability

Requirements for successful cooling water pumping—lessons learned from a major failure
Majumdar, K., Jacobs Canada Inc.

Mechanical design of the pump and system design of the installation are both equally important

How FCCU trickle valves affect catalyst losses
Shaw, D. F., Walter, R. E., Carmagen Engineering, Inc.

Here are the fundamental forces that affect their operation and the pros and cons of various types

Enhancing equipment performance and operating life: an update
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Four upgrade opportunities are presented

Engineering Case Histories

Case 38: Extruder wear prediction
Sofronas, A., Consulting Engineer

An analysis can help avoid wear problems before they occur

Energy Management

Energy balances and climate change—hard choices for Asia
Giri, J. P. N., Aaditya Energy Foundation; Mokhatab, S., Consultant; Wood, D. A., David Wood & Associates

Oil and gas industries will play a pivotal role in carbon-emission reduction programs

Heat Transfer

Improve heat exchanger design
Farrell, K. J., Heat Transfer Research, Inc.; Haidari, A. H., ANSYS

Using simulation improves impingement device application in exchangers

Management Guidelines

Nurturing and expanding engineering resources

Current market forces are requiring unique methods to develop staff members

Plant Design/Safety

Your control room may not be in the safest plant location
Bhullar, R. S., Fluor Daniel

Here's how to ensure that operators can provide their peak performance

Process Developments

Rethink column internals for improved product separation
Love, D. L., Consultant; Pierce, D., Papco Inc.; Shiveler, G., Sulzer Chemtech USA, Inc.

Installing feed chimney and distribution trays increased packed column efficiency for a gas plant

Redesign crude preheater train for efficiency
Singh, D., Van Wagensveld, S., Shedded Uhde Pty Ltd.

Over design of heat exchangers sourced to fouling problems

Process and Laboratory Analyzers

Improve your gas analysis with infrared photometry
Stanley, Z., Servomex Group Ltd.

Using this technology offers increased performance in demanding processes


Unique opportunity is born from Texas tragedy
Mannan, M. S., Mary Kay O’Connor Process Safety Center, Artie McFerrin Department of Chemical Engineering, Texas A&M University System

At 1:20 p.m., March 23, 2005, the BP refinery at Texas City, Texas, experienced one of the worst industrial accidents in recent US history. More than 180 workers were injured, 15 people lost their liv..


HP Reliability: Flexible connectors for pumps: points and counterpoints
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Because flexible piping connectors have their place in industry, many articles in books and trade journals dealing with equipment subjects describe available connector configurations. One of many opti..

HP Integration Strategies: The state of fieldbus in process automation, Part 1
O'Brien, L., ARC Advisory Group

Fieldbus acceptance continues to steam ahead. With a firm foothold in the hydrocarbon industries and growing acceptance in a host of others, we can see that fieldbus is a working solution that is more..

HPIn Europe: Commission threatens action against lax safety planning
Wright, Tim L., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

A leadership committed to safety has to ensure that an ethos of safety permeates the culture. We know this is an issue for companies—and BP is currently on people's minds in this regard—but ..

HPIn LNG: Risk within reason
Saraf, S., Exponent, Inc.

US liquefied natural gas (LNG) import terminal projects have met with considerable opposition from local communities. A major debate surrounds the hazards and societal risks/benefits from LNG faciliti..

HP Innovations

Breakthrough capillary flow technology  Fig. 1    Gas chromatograph offers unique in-oven capillary flow technology. Agi..

New Developments

Open-channel flowmeter The SULTAN FLOW open-channel flowmeter is said to be ideal for real-time flow measurement of liquid materials. With its continuous 4-20mA output, alarm relays, failsafe relays a..

HP Construction: North America
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

  Shaw Stone & Webster has an engineering and procurement contract with Marathon Petroleum Co. LLC for a 70,000-bpd heavy-gasoil hydrocracker unit and 47,000-bpd kerosine hydrotreater unit. The c..

HP Construction: Europe
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

  Dow has increased its total global nameplate production capacity for propylene oxide (PO) to more than 1,900 kilotons/yr (kty) and total global production capacity for propylene glycol (PG) to ..

HP Construction: Middle East
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

  Qatar Petroleum (QP) and Exxon Mobil Corp. celebrated the completion of RasGas Train 5 in Doha on March 20. RasGas Co. Ltd. is a joint venture owned by QP and ExxonMobil RasGas Inc. Train 5, on..

HP Construction: Asia-Pacific
Jackson, Kim M., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

  Aker Kvaerner has a contract with China Petroleum Material & Equipment (Group) Corp. for the basic engineering design and supply of certain equipment for a new polypropylene (PP) plant at the P..

Free Literature

  Exchangers offer high heat transfer coefficients  Chemineer, Inc.'s Kenics heat exchangers are equipped with streamlined Kenics static mixer elements. They reportedly offer maximu..

HP In Brief: HPInBrief May 2007
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

    US plastic resins rally In 2006, the US plastic resins industry significantly rebounded from the..

HP Impact: HPImpact: New supply and demand parameters in world olefins business
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Problems in the supply of propylene began when the global market shifted from cracking heavy to lighter feedstocks for ethylene crackers, according to a recent outlook presented by Earl Armstrong, man..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Tough decisions ahead for global refining industry
Romanow, Stephany, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Global refined-product demand growth faltered in 2005 and 2006 largely due to high crude oil prices. From 2000 to 2005, the average global refined-product demand increased by 1.2 million bpd (MMbpd). ..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Skills shortages bedevil future construction project timetables
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

A severe shortage of qualified contractors is the single greatest barrier to new construction projects, according to a survey released today by KPMG LLP. Furthermore, with demand for construction expe..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Ethanol program may diminish US 'energy security'
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The Bush administration rolled out several initiatives to bolster US energy security in early 2007. One element of this energy policy is a proposal to substantially expand the use of ethanol and other..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Final ruling on facility security mandates
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The US Department of Homeland Security has released a final rule that imposes for the first time comprehensive federal security regulations for high-risk chemical facilities. The new rule gives the de..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Environmental EPCs to spend over $60 billion in 2007
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contractors of environmental and contamination control systems will spend more than $60 billion in 2007 for components and services. So says a new outlo..