November 2007

Archive

Special Report: Plant Safety and Environment

How companies are complying with the Baker Report
Ayral, T., INOVx Solutions; Whitt, R., Meridium, Inc.

Consider these successful approaches that progressive businesses are implementing to ensure peak process safety performance

Noise pollution in refineries
Bhaskararao, B. K., MVGR College of Engineering

This often overlooked problem is manageable

Consider piping models for safety evaluations
Hardee, R., Engineered, Software, Inc.

New simulation tools allow engineers to fully investigate processing conditions in piping systems

Designing for pressure releases during fires - Part 1
Norouzi, S., Sazeh Consultants, Engineering and Construction; Rahimi Mofrad, S., Petrofac Engineering & Constructions

How to determine if equipment should be considered wetted or unwetted when calculating fire relief load

Updates on process safety systems
Nair, M. P. Sukumaran, Special Secretary to Government of Kerala, and Chairman, Chemical Engineering Division Board of the Institution of Engineers

Safety programs involve both protection systems and organization culture

Thermal oxidizers aid in pollution control
Sims, P., Koch Knight LLc

Choosing the correct media bed can help lower emissions and operating costs

Bonus Report: Water Management

Prevent hydrocarbon leaks in cooling water
Ghoshal, S., Indian Oil Corp. Ltd.

Microbes cause problems in plant condensers and coolers

Improve waterside operation for waste-heat boiler
Huchler, L. A., MarTech Systems, Inc.

Better water chemistry practices can increase reliability of sulfur recovery units

Troubleshoot reverse osmosis units online
Kucera, J., Nalco Co.

Identifying the root causes for poor performance saves operating costs and improves water quality

Consider membrane technologies to treat oily wastewater
Peeters, J. G., Theodoulou, S. L., GE Water & Process Technologies

Advanced methods enable recycling process water for plant applications

Maintenance and Reliability

Plan to improve plant reliability
Ayral, T., INOVx Solutions; DeFalco, C., Meridium, Inc.

Here's how to attain world-class operation that will result in large economic benefits

Columns

HP Control: Restoring single-loop integrity to process control

With today's evolving strategies for plant automation, many end users are asking: Should process control loops remain in a centralized distributed control system (DCS) or programmable logic controller..

HP Reliability: Lubricating slow-speed rolling element bearings
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

A sales engineer visited a customer with different pieces of processing equipment that included an oven. The customer asked a lubrication-related question and received an answer from the sales enginee..

HPIn LNG: Financing LNG tankers
Mokhatab, S., Consultant

The transnational natural gas trade is expanding with growing liquefied natural gas (LNG) exports. Such expansions will require unprecedented resources including technical, managerial and financial, e..

HP Water Management: Strategies to manage reliability of utility water systems-Part 4: Troubleshooting
Huchler, L. A., MarTech Systems, Inc.

The annual European Refining Technology Conference (ERTC) returns to Spain this month after six years of defining Industrial water systems require routine maintenance and repairs. As equipment ages, i..

HP Integration Strategies: Field device life cycle information improves plant design, operation and maintenance
Chin, W., ARC Advisory Group

The transparency of accessible information from anywhere at any time will be key to future hydrocarbon processing productivity. However, before we can enjoy these benefits, we need to go back to wher..

HPIn Europe: Refining industry on a high roll
Wright, Tim L., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The annual European Refining Technology Conference (ERTC) returns to Spain this month after six years of defining change. In Madrid in 2001 we were still ruminating the endless redundancies that follo..

HP Associations: HPIn Associations
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

"HPIn Associations" offers event listings and keeps track of association leadership.  We interview professional staff and high-ranking advisory board members, asking about their goals, lobbying p..

HP Innovations

New process upgrades heavy ends as refinery fuel Multiphase superfine atomized residue (MSAR) fuel is a liquid fuel consisting of very fine oil particles dispersed in a water carrier. Heavy residual f..

New Developments

Asset management software RealityLINx version 5.0 is said to offer management-of-change features such as 3D modeling, improved laser-scanning image support and enhanced synchronization with popular CA..

HP Construction: North America
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

  Bechtel Corp. has a detailed design and construction agreement with Motiva Enterprises LLC for a project that will add 325,000 bpd to Motiva's Port Arthur, Texas, refinery. A joint venture of B..

HP Construction: Europe
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Total has sanctioned construction of a 1 million-tpy desulfurization unit at its Leuna refinery in Germany. Scheduled for commissioning in fall 2009, the new unit will supply the German domestic mark..

HP Construction: Middle East
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

  Uhde has opened a new electrolysis plant for the production of chlorine and caustic soda at Vestolit in Marl, Germany. The plant was commissioned in April 2007 and has a production capacity of ..

HP Construction: Asia-Pacific
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

  Praxair China has plans to build a new specialty gases facility in Nanjing, China. The plant, scheduled to start up in August 2008, will consist of a specialty gases laboratory, calibration equ..

Free Literature

    Biodiesel instrumentation details  AMETEK Petrolab's four-page brochure presents an overview of its complete line of instruments available for testing biodiesel fuels in ac..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Cyber-security standards Industry leaders from a number of major control system users and manufacturers have created an organization to establish a..

HP Impact: EIA projects higher product costs for US winter season
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Average October 1 to March 31 prices and expenditures for all space-heating fuels are projected to be higher than winter 2006–2007. Residential natural gas prices are expected to average $13.14/t..

HP Impact: 'Food vs fuel' debate impacts biofuels outlook regionally
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The US is experiencing the highest level of new investment in biofuels in recent years, making it the fastest expanding market in the world for biologically derived renewable fuel, according to recent..

HP Impact: Talent squeeze forecast to delay upstream project work to 2010
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Large oil and gas production projects worldwide are likely to continue to suffer delays owing to an expanding shortfall of qualified project engineering resources. Compared with the estimated number o..

HP Impact: Air pollution control industry benefits from global initiatives
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

By 2015, revenues for suppliers of air pollution control systems, services, consumables and components will reach $80 billion. The strong growth trend will not be slowed by global warming initiatives..

HP Impact: BP exec discusses success in the 'new energy era'
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The politics of energy are changing fast. Energy is right at the top of the political agenda. "But now more than ever in our history, the future of our industry will be shaped by government policies a..

Letters to the Editor

Letters to the Editor

Investing in people knowledge I read your July 2007 "HPImpact" piece, "New world of work requires investment in people knowledge," with interest, as I've been a consultant and executive involved with..