August 2008

Archive

Special Report: Fluid Flow and Rotating Equipment

Retrofitting steam turbines with wavy-face dry-running seals
Al Khowaiter, A. O>., Saudi Aramco, Uthmaniyah Gas Plant; Al-Otaibi, N., Saudi Aramco

The new technology improves turbine efficiency and reliability

Get the facts on oil mist lubrication
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff; Ehlert, D., Lubrication Systems Company

Savings in driver maintenance, lower operating manpower, reduced lubricant consumption and energy savings should also be included in a cost justification

Maximum throttling of manual valves without damage

Use these graphs to avoid damage to internals and piping

Designing rectangular block foundations for vibrating equipment
Chakravarti, K., Petrofac International Ltd.

Method considers both the effect of damping and coupled modes using time-history analysis

Canned motor pumps make important inroads in refinery service
Fegan, S. D., Hermetic Pumps, Inc.

Difficult applications drive increased use

Plant Management

Employing chemical engineers to make more money in refineries
Alevizos, G., Proconsul Services Ltd.

Help these technical professionals in your plant establish the basics of a continuous improvement process

Process Developments

Increase gasoline production—a case study
Behroozi, A., Beitari, H., Ghorbanipoor, M., Nasrabadi, A. M., Bandar Abbas Oil Refinng Co.

Adjusting naphtha product cuts from the crude unit increased gasoline production without a major revamp

Rethink the handling of acid gases
Chakravorty, S. L., Oil Industry Safety Directorate

Consider these guidelines to improve management of hydrogen sulfide in your refinery

Is nitrogen really inert as a blanketing medium?
Luckwal, K., Mandal, K. K., Indian Oil Corp. Ltd.; Ramakumar, K. R., Gujarat Refinery, Indian Oil Corporation Limited

New investigation finds that this gas is soluble in hydrocracker feed

Columns

HP Reliability: Reader's choice and editorial writing
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

 The question is: Should reliability professionals endorse superior products and alert others to solutions to problems. Relating to this topic, the September 2003 issue of Hydrocarbon Processing ..

HP Water Management: Could ultrafiltration or microfiltration replace my gravity clarifier?
Huchler, L. A., MarTech Systems, Inc.

 Ultrafiltration(UF) and microfiltration (MF) are membrane-based technologies that remove suspended solids, but virtually no dissolved contaminants, from aqueous streams. There are two configurat..

HP Integration Strategies: Does your automation strategy have an impact on your operational objectives?
Hill, D., ARC Advisory Group

Modern plants cannot run without automation. That is a fact. However, running and running to peak performance are very different things. It is surprising that many companies still do not appreciate or..

HPIn Europe: And that, sports fans, is a helluva energy plan
Wright, Tim L., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Only Nixon could go to China, they said, and they meant that it would have been unthinkable for anyone but a red-baiting, right-winger to shake the hand of Mao Tse-tung. So could it be that it will no..

HP Innovations

Gas sensor features redundancy simplicity, immunity The OptoAcoustic Gas Detector GLD-OA-01 from Carthago International Solutions is a point flammable gas detector—UL-certified for use in potenti..

HP Associations: HPIn Associations

ILTA brings the liquid terminals community together Early June found the International Liquid Terminals Association (ILTA) taking up residence at t..

New Developments

Product to control SO2 SOLVAir Select 300 is based on sodium bicarbonate. It is claimed to be for use in air pollution control applications, specifically treatment of sulfur dioxide (SO2). A patent ha..

HP Construction: North America
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

CB&I has a contract for a large-scale hydrogen plant at a California refinery. The project is valued at approximately $90 million. CB&I's scope of work for the project consists of the engineering, pr..

HP Construction: Europe
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Foster Wheeler Italiana S.p.A. has a services contract with Mariisky NPZ Ltd. for the planned expansion of the Mari-El refinery, located in the Republic of Mari-El, Russian Federation. Mariisky NPZ L..

HP Construction: Central and South America
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

CB&I has a contract with Petroterminal De Panama, S.A. to engineer, fabricate and construct numerous petroleum storage tanks associated with the Trans-Panama pipeline expansion project. The tanks w..

HP Construction: Middle East
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Van Leeuwen Pipe and Tube Pte. Ltd. has a contract (estimated around $38 million) for the supply of carbon steel, alloy steel, stainless steel and incoloy pipes, fittings and flanges for the Saudi Ka..

HP Construction: Asia-Pacific
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The Shaw Group Inc.'s Energy and Chemicals Group has been selected by Hyundai Oilbank Co. Ltd. to lead a consortium that will provide professional services and procurement of critical equipment for a..

Free Literature

Pinch valves and more According to Red Valve, its 28-page condensed catalog is a must-have for anyone involved in flow control. It includes all of the latest information on the company..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief

Energy scenarios to 2050 The world must face three hard truths: there is a step-change in energy use; supply will continue struggling to keep pace;..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Ambitious CO2 targets in US could shift world gas trade flows
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Traditionally, world gas markets have operated as three largely self-contained regions: 1) the Americas; 2) Europe, Africa and the countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States; 3) and Asia-Paci..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Middle East overtakes Asia-Pacific as key oil-consuming center
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Asia-Pacific has been an engine of growth for global oil demand for many years, while Middle East growth has not been as substantial until recent years. "Between 2000 and 2007, Middle East petroleum c..

HP Impact: HPImpact: IEA: continued market 'tightness' in medium term
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

A new medium-term analysis from the International Energy Agency (IEA) attempts to analyze where oil demand is headed over the next five years. "Record prices in the oil market in recent months have be..

HP Impact: HPImpact: 'Better than even' odds for 20% more US coal-fired capacity
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

A large number of selective catalytic reduction (SCR) and flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems have been ordered as a result of the US Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR). A big revenue peak is expecte..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Demand for pumps to expand 4.4%/yr over five years
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

 WENDY WEIRAUCH, Managing Editor       Comments? Write:WW@HydrocarbonProcessing.com The global market for fluid handling pumps is f..

Misc

Comparison of the iterative approximations of the Colebrook-White equation
Goudar, C. T., Bayer HealthCare; Sonnad, J. R., University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center

Here's a review of other formulas and a mathematically exact formulation that is valid over the entire range of Re values