December 2008

Archive

Special Report: Plant Design and Engineering

Laser-scanning technology improves plant quality, safety and training
Hoffman, E., Quantapoint

Costs can be reduced due to 75% fewer field trips as well as 50% fewer fit-up welds and field changes

Project execution risk management for addressing constructability
Lamberson, G., International Construction Consulting LLC; Mokhatab, S., Consultant; Wood, D. A., David Wood & Associates

Use construction knowledge, experience and efficiency in a structured and systematic way throughout the design and execution planning stages

Understanding basic project management
Choi, D. W., Engineering Consultant

Practice the four basic elements to ensure a successful outcome

Bonus Report: Water Management

Consider water reuse options for your facility

This major company identified cost-effective and practical water minimization and regeneration opportunities for a petrochemical facility

Update your industrial water treatment operations
Huchler, L. A., MarTech Systems, Inc.

Improved membrane filtration designs and equipment are revolutionizing utility systems

Reduce cooling water consumption
Petrakis, S., Frigel North America

New closed-loop cooling method improves process cooling tower operations

Optimize wastewater reuse options in your plant
Shao, E., Dow Water Solutions

Ultrafiltration pretreatment before reverse osmosis systems can provide economical solutions in water conservation programs

Maintenance and Reliability

Failure analysis of above-ground storage tank bottom plates

Here are the field performance assessments and remedial measures

Piping/Fluid Flow

Minimize power consumption in slurry transport
Ghanta, K. C., Lahiri, S. K., National Institute of Technology

Accurately predict critical velocity

Plant Design and Engineering

Beware the project management pitfalls of control and instrumentation revamps
Pournamdarian, A., Tehran Oil Refining Co.

Here are guidelines to improve the decision-making process

Process Control/Information Systems

Align HPI operations to economics
Latour, P. R., Clifftent Inc.

Clifftent optimizes risky tradeoffs at limits

Columns

HP Reliability: To b(ias) or not to b(ias)? This is the question
Friedman, Y. Z., Petrocontrol

How often would you bias an inferential model? Given the propensity of instruments to go off calibration, "never" is not a valid answer. "Every day upon receiving lab information" is an equally bad an..

HP Reliability: Consider oil mist for positive-displacement blowers
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

       Positive-displacement blowers (Fig. 1) are often used to move air ranging in pressures from slightly negative to about 15 psig (~ 1 bar) positive. These rotary-lobe machines..

HPIn LNG: Growing challenges over financing LNG projects
Mokhatab, S., Consultant

 Liquefied natural gas (LNG) projects are capital intensive! They have a very long period for capital expenditures, which include design, procurement and construction phases, before generating an..

HP Integration Strategies: Fieldbus Foundation makes progress: part 2
O'Brien, L., ARC Advisory Group

Part 1 of this column discussed the host interoperability testing program and the need for a host registration program. This part discusses other developments. Field diagnostics conform to NAMUR NE-1..

HPIn Europe: Will the oil price interlude catch the world napping?
Wright, Tim L., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

It looks like the new year that will soon be upon us will see a welcome sedative for policymakers and planners of the refining industry and wider economy. The year 2008, with its record energy price..

HP Associations: HPIn Associations
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Women's Global Leadership Conference The 2008 edition of the Women's Global Leadership Conference took place in mid-November in Houston, Texas. Ove..

New Developments

High-speed refinery gas analyzers The new PerkinElmer-Arnel Model 1117 high-speed refinery gas analyzer, based on the PerkinElmer Clarus 600 gas chromatograph, incorporates proprietary column technolo..

HP Construction: North America
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Jacobs Engineering Group Inc. is providing engineering, procurement and construction services for Flint Hills Resources' new diesel desulfurization unit in Corpus Christi, Texas. The estimate for th..

HP Construction: South America
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The Shaw Group Inc.'s Energy & Chemicals Group has contracts with Petroleo Brasileiro S.A. (Petrobras) to provide its proprietary ethylene technology, including its conversion furnace equipment, basic..

HP Construction: Europe
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Aker Solutions has a five-year framework contract with Deutsche BP AG for the provision of engineering and construction management services at the Erdöl-Raffinerie Emsland (BP-Lingen) production ..

HP Construction: Middle East
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Oil Refineries Ltd. plans to establish a hydrocracking unit at its refinery in Haifa, Israel, for a total investment of $670 million. The unit's primary products will be diesel oil and kerosene (jet..

HP Construction: Asia-Pacific
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Foster Wheeler Energy Ltd. and Foster Wheeler International Engineering & Consulting (Shanghai) Co. Ltd., along with consortium partner Wuhuan Engineering Co., have been awarded contracts by Sasol S..

HP Construction: Africa
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Foster Wheeler Italiana S.p.A. has a contract with Zwara Oil Refinery Co. Ltd. (ZORCO) for consultancy and project management services for a planned new 200,000-bpd crude oil refinery near Zwara, Li..

Free Literature

  Energy-efficient gearmotors Baldor Electric Co. has published a 32-page catalog focused on the Baldor/Dodge QUANTIS Gold, a new C-face energy-efficient gearmotor. The product combines..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Quick look: IEA forecasts Oil demand forecasts for 2008 and 2009 were trimmed by 240 thousand barrels/day (Mbpd) and 440 Mbpd, respectively, given ..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Asia emerging as diverse consumer of methanol
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

From the Western perspective, methanol (MeOH) is an important petrochemical and is used in manufacturing many vital intermediate and finished goods, according to Mark Berggren, managing director of Me..

HP Impact: HPImpact: HPI continues trend in US of dramatically reducing emissions
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The recently released Environmental Protection Agency's 2008 Sector Performance Report analyzes the performance of 12 sectors of the US economy—including oil and gas and chemicals manufacturing&#..

HP Impact: HPImpact: New south China refinery aims for full production in 2009
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Construction of a 200 thousand barrels/day (Mbpd) refinery in Qinzhou is to be completed by the end of this year, according to PetroChina, the owner/operator. The entire refinery is expected to be fu..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Tight LNG markets forecast due to project delays
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Delays in liquefied natural gas (LNG) production projects in the near-term will keep the market tight for the next 15 years, according to a report from Bernstein Research. The gap between global supp..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Automation standard projected to receive swift buy-in
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

New technology and standards acceptance can typically meet with resistance from HPI stakeholders. However, representatives from leading automation companies recently spoke of the positive impact Wire..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Skilled 3D piping designers in demand as project work builds
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

A serious, short- and long-term shortage of trained engineers and piping designers is testing the energy industry. As these jobs go unfilled, salaries for this type of work have doubled over the past..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Will falling oil prices ratchet up consumption?
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Oil executives and industry analysts told attendees at a major petroleum conference that the era of cheap energy is over and warned of another price spike if investment in oil production is reined in..

HP Impact: HPImpact: World catalyst growth forecast at 6%/yr pace to 2012
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Global catalyst demand will be strong across all market segments as energy prices are helping support increased catalyst use as a means of improving productivity. Volume consumption is expected to in..

HP Construction: Consider an innovative method for olefin unit construction
Buffenoir, M. H., Technip

New project management approach uses 'lessons learned' from earlier ethylene units to fast-track new steam cracker implementations

Letters to the Editor

Letters to the Editor

Conflict of interest? For the last 25 years, I have been a reader of Hydrocarbon Processing. That's why I believe Heinz Bloch's column in the August issue ("Reader's choice and editorial writing," p...