January 2008


Special Report: Gas Processing Developments

Converting to a tertiary amine ups sweetening capacity at an Iranian gas facility

Debottlenecking processing units improved performance and costs

Predict hydrate formation conditions for light alkanes and sweet natural gases
Bahadori, A., Curtin University of Technology; Mokhatab, S., Consultant; Towler, B., University of Wyoming

Using this simple correlation can help the bottom line and improve hazardous conditions

Consider new regasification technology for natural gas transport
Bryngelson, R., Excelerate Energy

Constructing new terminals requires overcoming resistance to meet energy needs

Online analysis for amine-based tail gas treating units
Harris, K., Hauer, R., AMETEK Process Instruments; Harris, P., Haritech; Lewis, B., Alon USA

Combining analyzer technology improved refinery maintenance and improved operating costs

Consider improved scrubbing designs for acid gases
Beitler, C. M., Fisher, K., Mamrosh, D. L., Trimeric Corp.; Stem, S., Montana Refining Co.

Better application of process chemistry enables efficient sulfur abatement

Improve process control in gas plants using tunable diode laser spectroscopy
Shah, K., Aker Solutions US, INC.

This analyzer technology is replacing conventional sensors to improve the bottom line

Advanced technologies provide improved economics for liquefied natural gas facilities
Cuellar, K. T., Ortloff Engineers, Ltd.; Ross, F. P., Walther, S. T., Mustang Engineering Inc.

New integrated liquids recovery/vaporization method maximizes terminal operator options

Improve gas interchangeability for LNG terminals
Shah, K., Aker Solutions US, INC.

Quality issues on imported natural gas will require more processing at receiving sites

Remove hydrogen sulfide from syngas
Barnette, T., Merchem Chemicals and Refinery Services LLC; Jones, D. F., Shaw Energy & Chemicals; Watson, J., Gas Technology Products Division, Merichem Chemical & Refinery Services LLC

Sulfur abatement technology in waste gasification facilities provides hydrocarbon feedstock or fuel

Engineering Case Histories

Case 42: Torsional vibration problems can be costly
Sofronas, A., Consulting Engineer

The results are hammering of the gears and fretting of the splines


Relief rate calculation for control valve failure
Rahimi Mofrad, S., Petrofac Engineering & Constructions

Use these equations to determine capacity requirements


Eliminate risky trends in reliability management
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff; Mitchell, J. S., Meridium, Inc.

Follow these guidelines to improve process safety and reduce maintenance costs


Improvement of IEC 60534-8-3 standard for noise prediction in control valves

Fairly simple changes lead to a considerable improvement in accuracy


HP Reliability: Update your grease compatibility know-how
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

We haven't made a survey as to which of the hundreds of "HPIn Reliability" columns published each month over a span of more than 17 years merit being updated. Some are "evergreen," but a few might be ..

HP Automation Safety: Are NFPA standards enough?
O'Brien, C., exida LLC

The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 85 standard addresses the design, installation and operation of single- and multiple-burner boilers and other fired equipment. The NFPA 86 standard addr..

HP Innovations

Versatile control monitor reduces downtime Tyco Flow Control has developed the Westlock XR linear/rotary control monitor, claimed to be the industry's first versatile, stand-alone field device that in..

HP Impact: Project activity sends control valve market to double-digit growth
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The global control valve market is in the midst of a phase of unprecedented growth due to booming Greenfield plants in developing countries and exploding investment in oil and gas exploration and prod..

HP Impact: North America tight on domestic natural gas: outlook for imports
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The share of natural gas use has grown worldwide from 19% of the total world primary energy to 23% over the past 25 years. In the US, natural gas represented 22% of total primary energy use in 2006. A..

HP Impact: Coal-fired power plant escalations to continue, says study
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

By 2011, the world is forecast to be operating 1.6-million MW of installed capacity, according to an updated study from the McIlvaine Company. In 2020, approximately 2.1 million MW of installed capaci..

New Developments

Enhanced sulfur recovery Stronger environmental awareness and new sulfur processes call for an upgrade in sulfur-recovery units. Refineries are usually equipped with Claus plants to produce sulfur fro..

HP Impact: North America
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

  BASF is expanding its production capacity for epsilon-caprolactone (CLO) with a project to raise its capacity by up to 2,000 metric tpy in 2008. In line with market growth, further capital has..

HP Impact: South America
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

  Integrated Biodiesel Industries, Ltd (IBI) has an agreement with Terminal Puerto Rosario S.A. (TPR) to build a 60,000-metric tpy biodiesel plant inside its facilities in the city of Rosario, A..

HP Impact: Europe
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

  Galp Energia will use UOP/Eni ecofining technology to produce diesel fuel from vegetable oils in a new process unit. Eni S.p.A, which co-developed the technology with UOP, is in the process of..

HP Impact: Middle East
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

   GE Oil & Gas will supply three compression trains for a new, large-scale ethylene cracker plant in Al-Jubail, Saudi Arabia, which will have a capacity of 1.165 MMtpy when it enters comme..

HP Construction: Asia-Pacific
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

  Emerson Process Management has been named main instrumentation provider for the Dushanzi Petrochemical Corp. oil refining and ethylene project in Dushanzi City, China. The Dushanzi project inc..

Free Literature

  Real world flowmeter installation help  Fluid Components International's new Best Practices Engineering Guide: Installation Recommendations for FCI Single-Point, Thermal-Dispersio..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Rewards of cutting energy waste A new analysis commissioned by the United Nations Foundation, a nonprofit advocacy and grant-making organization, f..

HP Impact: Global LNG demand reveals regional swings in first-half 2007
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Initial estimates for the first half of 2007 (1H07) show that global LNG demand reached 86 million metric tons (MMton). This represents a 6.3-MMton increase-or 8%-when compared to the first half of 20..

HP Impact: Refinery conundrum lobs challenges,opportunities at EU
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Two decades of poor refining margins precipitated reduced refining capacity in Europe. With claims that a lack of refining capacity contributes to high oil prices, developing the refining industry has..

HP Impact: API: Costs of biofuels to reverberate negatively throughout US economy
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Pending energy legislation in the US Congress would likely have significant adverse effects on the economy and consumers—including 5 million lost jobs and $1 trillion in lost economic output, acc..

Letters to the Editor

Letters to the Editor

TVP, RVP and other important acronyms The October 2007 article "Predicting the true vapor pressure of LPG and natural gasoline" propagates a bias that I believe pervasively exists in a number of tech..