January 2009

Archive

Special Report: Gas Processing Developments

Which physical solvent is best for acid gas removal?
Burr, B., Lyddon, L., Bryan Research & Engineering, Inc.

Four common solvents are compared

Industrial qualification of a new transfer system

LNG tests for cryogenic flexible hose technology demonstrates applications for open sea conditions

Reduce air emissions from natural gas vaporization units

New revaporizing method mitigates air pollutant releases while maintaining process efficiency

Natural gas, the clean fuel
Speight, J. G., CD&W, Inc.

Emissions control and environmental aspects

Special Report: LNG and GTL Developments

What is the outlook for building new LNG facilities?
Phalen, T., Scotti, J., Fluor Corp.

Rising construction costs will play a large part in determining what plants are built

Computer Technology/Piping

Genetic algorithm tuning improves artificial neural network models
Ghanta, K. C., Lahiri, S. K., National Institute of Technology

The technique is illustrated by predicting hold-up of slurry flow in pipelines

Engineering Case Histories

Case 48: Troubleshooting a roller-bearing failure
Sofronas, A., Consulting Engineer

Life to failure and design life aren't the same thing

Facility Management

Global terminal management systems: key requirements
Singh, S., Fort Wheeler Eastern Pte. Ltd.

A vendor's true capability to support a distribution enterprise's global projects depends on a surprisingly large number of technical as well as service-related issues

Loss Prevention

Help identify causes of process industry accidents
Dutta, B. K., Hussan, N. A., Shariff, A.M., Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS

Consider using this fault tree analysis tool

Valves/Reliability

Developments in metal-seated valves for severe-service applications
Allen, S., Hemiwedge Valve Corp.

The most recent design emphasis has been on protecting or removing the seats and seating members from direct impingement by particles in the flow stream

Columns

HP Control: Align alkylation separation to economics
Latour, P. R., Clifftent Inc.

A recent HP editorial1 showed the effect of advanced process control (APC) with inferential models on alkylation isostripper iC4 lost to an nC4 side draw (Fig. 1). From trend data for the two periods ..

HP Reliability: Recognizing advantageous API seal flush plans
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

A feature article in the May 2008 issue of HP dealt with sealing issues of interest to industry.1 It explained the energy conservation and environmental benefits described in the API literature. The p..

HPIn Europe: Oil products and a great machine swerved us off course?
Wright, Tim L., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The local car firm, Volvo, is in crisis. It can't sell the gas-guzzling SUVs it's been making since being bought by a US car maker. It's a reminder that what people and companies do with the internal ..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Natural gas demand impels healthy growth in ultrasonic flowmeters
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The ultrasonic flowmeter market remains the fastest growing market of any flowmeter type, according to a new market study from Flow Research (www.flowresearch.com). The study shows the worldwide ult..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Improved efficiencies lower Exxon Mobil's global demand forecast
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

An integrated series of solutions will be required to manage increases in global energy demand and greenhouse gas emissions that will result from population growth and economic expansion, according to..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Mastering the art of personal communication in a digital age
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Tips and techniques for harnessing the power of effective networking was the topic examined by a panel of leaders in career and business management, law, and the oil and gas industry. The presenters s..

HP Associations: ERTC 2008: Refiners are facing an uncertain future
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

What a difference a year makes. At the 2007 ERTC meeting in Barcelona, oil was going for $90 a barrel. As the European refining industry gathered in Vienna..

HP Innovations

Next-generation gasification technology undergoing tests ExxonMobil has entered into an agreement with Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne (PWR) to develop next-generation gasification technology to convert co..

New Developments

Vibration switch with programmable options The new PRO440 electronic vibration switch is said to be the first switch of its kind with fully programmable options. It can be configured via a real-time ..

HP Construction: North America
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Terrabon, LLC, recently completed its new advanced biofuels research facility in Bryan, Texas. The company plans to use its technology to convert readily available, low-cost, non-food biomass into ch..

HP Construction: South America
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Foster Wheeler USA Corp. and Process Consultants, Inc., has been awarded a front-end engineering design (FEED) and project management consultancy (PMC) contract by Ecopetrol S.A. for the Barrancaber..

HP Construction: Europe
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Cherepovetsky Azot JSC has awarded a contract to Chemoprojekt SA to build a 1,500-tpd urea plant in Cherepovets, Russia. Stamicarbon will provide the license and process design package for this proj..

HP Construction: Middle East
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Borealis AG has selected LyondellBasell technology for a new 350-ktpy low density polyethylene (LDPE) plant in the Middle East. Startup is expected in 2013. According to LyondellBasell, the technolo..

HP Construction: Asia-Pacific
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Larsen & Toubro (L&T) has an order valued over Rs. 700 crores from HPCL–Mittal Energy Ltd. (HMEL). The project order involves setting up two 44,000-tpy capacity hydrogen generation units (HGU) f..

HP Construction: Africa
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Foster Wheeler South Africa (Pty) Ltd. has a front-end engineering design (FEED) contract with Sasol Chemical Industries Ltd. for the Sasolburg Fischer-Tropsch wax expansion project in South Africa. ..

Free Literature

Factory-assembled actuators Swagelok ISO 5211- compliant actuators are available factory assembled to a broad range of Swagelok ball valves or in kits for field assembly. These compact..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Oil, gas credit ratings The oil and gas industry has been through gyrations lately. Concerns about a global recession, the over 50% drop in the pri..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Energy costs, credit crisis force subdued stance for chemicals
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

At the end of 2008, the US entered at the very least a moderate recession, and economic growth in the rest of the world slowed considerably. Many large economies (Germany, the UK, Japan, etc.) and eme..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Study: Despite losses, Chinese refining remains 'attractive'
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Losses due to capped domestic fuel prices have not slowed the rush to invest in the Chinese refining sector, according to key findings by PFC Energy's China Downstream Monitoring Service. With price c..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Watch for opportunity, risks in changing market conditions
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Three factors will shape how companies conduct business in 2009 and the near term, according to Bill Hale, the Americas Advisory Services Oil and Gas leader of Ernst and Young LLP. He outlined the 200..

HP Impact: HPImpact: 'Environmental burden' of coal-fired power plants quantified
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Coal-fired power plant operators can make substantial reductions in actual greenhouse gases and huge reductions in other emissions. Operating costs would be reduced while the cost of electricity and l..

Misc

Asset information management as an enabler

RUSS NOVAK, Contributing editor       Comments? Write: editorial@HydrocarbonProcessing.com Owner/operators invest capital in new plants and upgrades ..