July 2009


Special Report: Liquefied Natural Gas Developments

Are floating LNG facilities viable options?
Finn, A. J., Costain Oil, Gas & Process Ltd.

Here's how to evaluate technological and commercial issues of these units

Consider new approach for floating LNG units

Combined technical expertise for onshore and offshore LNG facilities reduces risks and capital costs for new installations

Minimize risks from cryogenic exposure on LNG facilities
Bloom, C., Edwards, V. H., Shah, K., Aker Solutions US, INC.; Gustafson, R., Livingston, N., WS Atkins; Guy, P., Padilla, L. J., AMG Engineering Inc.

A rational approach investigates methods to protect equipment and infrastructure from liquefied natural gas releases

Consider investing in a standard-compliant process analyzer
Pichler, H., Sauer, O., Grabner Instruments Messtechnik GmbH

High profits are realized with accurate vapor pressure testing

Engineering Case Histories

Case 51: Phantom failures
Sofronas, A., Consulting Engineer

Why some are very elusive

Gas Processing Developments

Do you have hard-to-handle gases?
Hanamant Rao, P. P., Nikolic, D. L., Wijntje, R., Shell Global Solutions International BV

Consider using this second-generation hybrid solvent for treating

Management Guidelines

A continual improvement process that really works
Woodruff, D. M., Management Methods Inc.

Taking care of these basics can enable businesses to move out of bureaucratic quagmire onto a path of measurable results


Estimate water hammer loads in steam piping
Darji, P., Saha, S., Reliance Refinery

The problem is more complicated because of the two-phase flow


HP Control: APC designs for minimum maintenance—Part 2
Friedman, Y. Z., Petrocontrol

My last month's editorial proposed that since our advanced process control (APC) applications are by and large under-maintained, these applications should be designed in the simplest possible way. The..

HP Reliability: Why continuing education gets dropped first
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Fact: An oil refinery in the Western US achieves a pump mean-time-between-failure (MTBF) of over nine years. The facility has 1,200 pumps and, in a given year, repairs 130 of them. Fact: An oil refine..

HP Automation Safety: Safety culture for operations and maintenance
Goble, W., exida LLC

While recently analyzing failure records from different petrochemical plants, some interesting trends emerged from the information. A particular instrument model experienced significantly different fa..

HP Control: Glut of stored distillate infers betting on EU's diesel
Wright, Tim L., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Just outside the archipelago here, the Danish shipping operator, Maersk, has applied for permission to conduct ship-to-ship transfers to and from large crude carriers at anchor. There's a lot more of ..

HP Innovations

Safe, quick method to remove coked refractory from risers The risks involved to workers using traditional methods for removing coked refractory in confined spaces can be avoided by using a new system...

HP Construction: North America
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Mustang has a contract with ConocoPhillips for a distributed control system (DCS) modernization project at ConocoPhillips' San Francisco refinery in Rodeo, California. The project scope includes the ..

HP Construction: Middle East
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

  ExxonMobil Chemical Technology Licensing, LLC has an agreement with Saudi International Petrochemical Co. (Sipchem) to license ExxonMobil's tubular high-pressure low-density polyethylene (HPPE)..

HP Construction: Asia-Pacific
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Mustang has entered a joint venture with Petronas and MISC Berhad to develop integrated floating LNG liquefaction, storage and offloading solutions, using Mustang's LNG liquefaction technologies. The..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief

NOCs forge ahead with investments The world's largest national oil companies (NOCs) and super majors are planning on delivering over $375 billion o..

HP Impact: HPImpact: LNG outlook: spare global capacity and weak demand
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

LNG players are living in a time of falling gas demand, plunging prices and a world awash with LNG. In 2008, global LNG trade reached 171.1 million metric tons (MMton), which represented a 0.4% (or 0...

HP Impact: HPImpact: Prepare for the upturn: be lean, prioritize, focus on strategic intent
Weirauch, Wendy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The need in a downturn is an actionable plan with strong leadership and a commitment to carry it out. So said Paul Newman, global manager for service and implementation with Shell Global Solutions. Sp..

HP Associations: Debating America's energy future
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff



South America

BILLY THINNES, News Editor       Comments? Write: BT@HydrocarbonProcessing.com   Refineria del Pacifico-CEM plans to build a $10 billion refinery in Ecuado..