July 2009

Special Report: Liquefied Natural Gas Developments

Minimize risks from cryogenic exposure on LNG facilities

A rational approach investigates methods to protect equipment and infrastructure from liquefied natural gas releases

Bloom, C., Edwards, V. H., Shah, K., Aker Solutions US, INC.; Gustafson, R., Livingston, N., WS Atkins; Guy, P., Padilla, L. J., AMG Engineering Inc.

  The cryogenic nature of liquefied natural gas (LNG) facilities poses a potential risk to low-temperature exposure of personnel, structural steel, equipment, and instrumentation, control and power cabling. The probability of cryogenic exposure from containment loss of LNG is inherently greater than the probability of a fire. Many precautions are taken to eliminate ignition sources in LNG facilities Cryogenic hazards. The hazards of cryogenic and fire exposure to personnel and facilities will be investigated using consequence modeling for pool and jet releases. Practical measures to eliminate or mitigate risks from cryogenic and fire exposure will be explored for both onshore and

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