Environment & Safety Gas Processing/LNG Maintenance & Reliability Petrochemicals Process Control Process Optimization Project Management Refining

February 2010


Special Report: Clean Fuels

Designing vacuum distillation for deep-cut bitumen service
Fluor Canada Ltd.: Grande, M.

To process bitumen-derived residue, success depends on the engineering design concepts and methods applied

Consider new methods for bottom of the barrel processing - Part 1

Advanced methods use molecule management to upgrade heavy ends

Catalytic technology: Options for better hydrogen production
Sud-Chemie AG: Duker, A.  |  Kaltner, W.  |  Schlogl, K.  |  Xu, L.

It is not just steam and feed costs that determine processing methods for hydrogen generation

Dealing with dieselization
Foster Wheeler, Reading: Knight, T.  |  Stockle, M.

Several processing options can provide cost-effective ways to maximize diesel make and limit gasoline production

Improve usage of regenerated refining catalysts
Saudi Aramco: Yeh, G. J.

Common-sense guidelines detail when it is beneficial to reuse catalysts

Heat Transfer

Calculating turbulent diffusion jet flames
Praxair, Inc.: Meagher, J.P.

Following these steps may prevent potential damaging hot spots


Delayed coker heater analysis using an artificial neural network
Reliance Industries Ltd.: Ponselva, A.  |  Sharma, M.

The model was used to study the effects of the many variables that affect coke formation

Implement a constrained optimal control in a conventional level controller - Part 2
LG Chem, Ltd.: Lee, J. W.
GS-Caltex Corp.: Lee, Y.
LG Chem.: Shin, J.

Novel tuning method enables a conventional PI controller to explicitly handle the three important operational constraints of a liquid level loop in an optimal manner as well as copes with a broad range of level control from tight to averaging control


HP Control: Back to the future: Process control in 2010
Tesoro Corp.: Kern, A.G.

Where will process control money be spent in 2010? The choices include field instruments, safety systems (SISs), control system upgrades (DCSs), multivariable predictive control (MPC) and decision-sup..

HP Reliability: How pump installation must differ from the way pumps were shipped
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Bloch, Heinz P.

In general, process pump manufacturers are asked to provide pumps as a "set" or assembled package comprising pump, driver and baseplate (Fig. 1). After ascertaining correct shaft separation to accommo..

HP Integration Strategies: Control in the field enables high-availability control
ARC Advisory Group: O'Brien, L.

Replacing analog 4-20 mA technology with a digital network was a major driver behind developing FOUNDATION fieldbus technology. However, what really differentiates FOUNDATION fieldbus from Profibus PA..

HPIn Europe: Forget dieselization of the marine fleet, what about gas?
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Wright, Tim L.

Forget smoke-and-mirrors fuel cell engine that exudes only water vapor, a German company has developed one that emits substantial amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2), and this may be a very good thing. I..

HP Viewpoint: Engineering Earth's thermostat with CO2?
Clifftent Inc.: Latour, P. R.

Earth's temperature is a chemical process system. Review of control system engineering of Earth's thermostat with anthropogenic CO2 in 1997 proved it will never work because it is an unmeasurable, uno..

HP Viewpoint: Meeting US energy challenges—Methanol as an alternative transportation fuel

 Floren, John      Comments? Write: editorial@HydrocarbonProcessing.com   It is widely believed that in coming years, the United..

New Developments

High-efficiency multistage pump New high-pressure ring-section pump is said to deliver up to 3,100 gpm (700 m3/hr), with heads to 3,300 ft (1,000 m), and pressures to 1,500 psi (100 bar). The Model 33..

HP Construction: North America
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Thinnes, Billy

  Rentech, Inc. and ClearFuels Technology Inc. have been selected to receive up to $23 million as a grant from the US Department of Energy to construct a biomass gasifier at Rentech's Energy Tech..

HP Construction: South America
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Thinnes, Billy

  Petrobras has awarded several contracts for the construction of the Abreu e Lima refinery in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. The contracts together total R$8.9 billion. For the construction ..

HP Construction: Europe
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Thinnes, Billy

  ABB has an order worth $26 million from Hellenic Petroleum SA to provide an integrated power and automation system for the upgrade of Hellenic Petroleum's Elefsina refinery in Greece. ABB wil..

HP Construction: Middle East
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Thinnes, Billy

Siemens Energy has an order from Samsung Engineering Co. Ltd. for five compressor trains, that will be employed in an air separation plant operated by Air Products in Al Jubail, Saudi Arabia. The end ..

HP Construction: Asia-Pacific
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Thinnes, Billy

  Chiyoda Singapore (Pte) Ltd. has a contract with Shell Eastern Petroleum Ltd. for a basic design and engineering package for desulfurization facilities at the Pulau Bukom refinery in Singapore...

Free Literature

Achieve safe and reliable operations with enterprise risk management According to a recent survey by the IBM Institute for Business Value, which included more than 100 in-depth intervie..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief

Method could make refineries more efficient Refineries could trim millions of dollars in energy costs annually by using a new method developed at P..

HP Impact: HPImpact: EIAs energy outlook
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Thinnes, Billy

The US Energy Information Administration's (EIA) short-term energy outlook, published in January, offers a variety of interesting tidbits. The EIA projects the price of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) c..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Taking a long, hard look at ethanol
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Thinnes, Billy

The production and use of biofuels is increasing. Ethanol in particular is the lead biofuel in the US, but question have begun to emerge regarding whether ethanol and other biofuels have an overall po..

HP Associations: Association news in brief
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Thinnes, Billy

  NPRA files comments opposing EPA's PSD, greenhouse gas tailoring rule The National Petrochemical & Refiners Association (NPRA) submitted comm..