June 2010

Archive

Special Report: Process/Plant Optimization

How will carbon emissions regulations revise energy conservation economics?
Davis, E., Glasgow, I. M., Nguyen, T., Polcar, S., Price, J., Stuecheli, C., Mustang Engineers, LP; Palmer, R. E., Mustang Engineering Inc.

Including the cost of carbon in refinery project economics has the potential to convert previously marginal energy projects into more attractive options

Low-cost advanced process control project captures energy savings in utilities area
Chang, E., Viducic, M., LyondellBasell Industries

This low-cost project resulted in over $300,000 per year in benefits

Modify your vacuum-tower transfer line to increase benefits

Designing the vacuum unit is a challenge. Revamping the transfer line can make this unit more profitable

Advanced process control: quick and easy energy savings
Kesseler, P., Invensys Operations Management

Here are some of the energy savings benefits routinely produced by implementing advanced process control

Consider low-voltage AC drives for hazardous areas
Riikonen, J., ABB Oy

Such drives used with electric motors can offer significant process improvements and energy savings for equipment used in explosive zones

Trading silicon for carbon: how to reduce energy usage through automation
White, D., Emerson Process Management

The average plant can conservatively achieve 15% energy savings through this technology

Heat Transfer/Reliability

Troubleshooting waste-heat boiler poor heat transfer
Yeh, G. J., Al-Babtain, I., Al-Zahrani, S., Saudi Aramco; Al-Ghanemi, N., PetroRabigh

Analytical results showed that potash leached from the catalyst, refractory powder, corrosion products and, to a lesser extent, catalyst fines resulted in tube fouling

Instrumentation/Safety

Implementing a suitable safety instrumented system-Part 2
Modi, R., Saudi Basic Industries Corp.

The analysis is the most important step for engineering and designing a suitable system

Maintenance and Reliability

Purging and inerting large-volume tankage and equipment-jet mixing concept-Part 2
Gollin, M., Carmagen Engineering, Inc.

Recommendations for the design, installation and testing of jet mixing systems

Plant Design and Engineering

How to avoid interface engineering problems
Moulik, S., MWKellog; Saito, K., Chiyoda

Here are several ways to accurately exchange information

Safety/Loss Prevention

Performing correct initial blowdown calculations
Vyas, A., Sharjah

These guidelines can help determine peak flowrate

Columns

HP Control: Total- or partial-draw configuration
Friedman, Y. Z., Petrocontrol

Ever wonder why some main fractionators are designed with partial-draw trays, whereas others are total draws? A typical partial-draw with pumparound configuration is shown in Fig. 1. Liquid is taken f..

HP Water Management: What's happening with the Legionella Standard?-Part 2
Huchler, L. A., MarTech Systems, Inc.

The present draft document provides more than performance metrics, it specifically details a single set of mandatory monitoring practices and corrective actions—the "exclusively correct practice..

HP Integration Strategies: Energy management is a work-in-progress
Avery, Allen, ARC Advisory Group

Energy accounts for a significant portion of overall manufacturing costs. With today's volatile energy prices, HPI and other manufacturers have to keep a close eye on where they get their energy and h..

HPIn Europe: Technology goliaths vie with startups to crack biojet processes
Wright, Tim L., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

This month, I had a chance to verify my armchair thesis that all liquid biofuels will end up in the air—diverted to the passenger aviation industry and the world's air forces. At a fuel forum att..

HP Viewpoint: When it comes to information technology, the skys the limit

Weak demand and plummeting margins? The answer for greater productivity could reside in your current IT system—and the sky.

HP Innovations: HPInnovations

Agreement made for MSAR Quadrise Fuels International plc (QFI), the producer of oil-in-water emulsion fuel as a low-cost substitute for heavy fuel oil for use in power plants and industrial diesel eng..

New Developments

Module for safety monitoring in harsh environments Plants and refineries use Honeywell's safety instrumented system platform, Safety Manager, to safeguard their assets and share critical safety inform..

HP Construction: North America
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Dominion and Exterran Holdings, Inc., will team up to provide increased natural gas processing in the Appalachian Basin of the US. Under the agreement, two natural gas processing plants will be design..

HP Construction: Europe
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Foster Wheeler AG's Global Engineering and Construction Group has been awarded contracts by PETROM S.A. for a major refinery modernization project being implemented at the Petrobrazi refinery in Ploe..

HP Construction: Middle East
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Qatargas has awarded Fluor the engineering, procurement and construction management contract for the Jetty boil-off gas recovery project. This project at Ras Laffan Industrial City, Qatar, will minim..

HP Construction: Asia Pacific
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Royal Vopak recently opened an import and distribution terminal for oil products in Jakarta, Indonesia. The newly built terminal in Tanjung Priok will support the storage and distribution needs of th..

Free Literature

Energy savings brochure                   Baldor Electric Co.'s new energy-savings brochure examines and defines premium efficiency, and looks at product..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

US demand for refinery chemicals US demand for refinery chemicals is forecast to exceed $7.5 billion in 2014, according to a new industry ..

HP Impact: Large steam-cracking furnace modules arrive in Singapore
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

A significant milestone in the development of ExxonMobil's largest integrated chemical and refining complex was reached with the arrival of seven world-scale furnace modules at the Singapore facility...

HP Impact: EPA urged to delay judgment on E15
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The Auto Alliance, the American Petroleum Institute and the Outdoor Power Equipment Institute urged the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to delay action on the agency's proposal to allow highe..

HP Impact: Energy future must include mix of renewables
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Meeting ever-rising demand with hydrocarbon reserves that are becoming more difficult and expensive to exploit will require a makeover of the oil and gas industry over the next 40 years, a panel of o..

HP Associations: The good, the bad and the ugly

 TRICIA CROSSEY, Process Editor       Comments? Write: editorial@HydrocarbonProcessing.com   ..