September 2010

Special Report: Refining Developments

Upgrade FCC performance—Part 1

New ceramic feed distributor offers ultimate erosion protection

Couch, K. A., UOP LLC; Wolschlag, L. M., UOP LLC, a Honeywell Company

Fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) technology has been a part of the petroleum industry since the 1940s. Despite being a very mature technology, continued development is vital, especially as many refiners move their FCC operations from fuels production to higher-value products. Advanced diagnostic and design tools are accelerating process developments. Through the development and commercialization of world-scale FCC units, technical discoveries have emerged that provide opportunities for improvements across all units, independent of size. Using sophisticated engineering tools, such as computational fluid dynamic (CFD) modeling combined with radioactive tracer and tomography, will streamline phy

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