December 2011

Special Report: Plant Design and Engineering

Selecting the right steam methane reformer: Can vs. box design

Simulating various configurations and cost estimates aids in the selection of a steam methane reformer for hydrogen production

Shahani, G., Linde Engineering North America, Inc.; Schoerner, W., Linde Engineering; Musich, N., Hydro-Chem

Hydrogen (H2) demand in the refining sector will continue to increase due to the trend of processing heavier and sourer crude oil. Additionally, more stringent regulations on refinery products, such as tighter sulfur and aromatics specifications, will drive H2 consumption. Another influencing factor is the replacement of older facilities to achieve greater efficiency and reliability. The H2 demand may be initially small (1–10 million standard cubic feet per day [MMscfd]) or mid-size (11–20 MMscfd). These requirements are likely to evolve as the project is developed. Therefore, it is necessary to have flexibility in developing the project, and it is important to consider different o

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